Women and the Animal Rights Movement (英語) ペーパーバック – 2011/3/19
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Animal rights is one of the fastest growing social movements today. Women greatly outnumber men as activists, yet surprisingly, little has been written about the importance and impact of gender on the movement. Women and the Animal Rights Movement combats stereotypes of women activists as mere sentimentalists by exploring the political and moral character of their advocacy on behalf of animals.
Emily Gaarder analyzes the politics of gender in the movement, incorporating in-depth interviews with women and participant observation of animal rights organizations, conferences, and protests to describe struggles over divisions of labor and leadership. Controversies over PETA advertising campaigns that rely on women's sexuality to "sell" animal rights illustrate how female crusaders are asked to prioritize the cause of animals above all else. Gaarder underscores the importance of a paradigm shift in the animal liberation movement, one that seeks a more integrated vision of animal rights that connects universally to other issues--gender, race, economics, and the environment--highlighting that many women activists recognize and are motivated by the connection between the oppression of animals and other social injustices.
"Emily Gaarder offers a careful analysis of not only the preponderance of women in the animal rights movement, but also how gender has shaped social movements, more broadly."--Leslie Irvine "author of If You Tame Me: Understanding Our Connections with Animals "
"Animal advocacy has always been a social movement powered by women--but it has not always been feminist. Gaarder's work uncovers the gendered politics of animal activism, advancing current discussions in Animal Studies and Gender Studies alike." --Greta Gaard "author of Ecological Politics: Ecofeminists and the Greens "
"Based on indepth interviews with women animal rights activists, this eye-opening study provides a valuable grassroots portrait of the movement, showing how it affected the women and how women have shaped it."--Josephine Donovan "The Feminist Care Tradition in Animal Ethics and Animals and Women "
"At the heart of Gaarder's critique is a dual commitment to feminist care theory and to the idea of interlocking oppressions wrought by the long arms of sexism and male dominance. Gaarder give us rich starting points for such crossgenerational feminist conversation."
"Gaarder undertakes the important project of historicizing the role of women in animal rights through narratives drawn from in-depth interviews and participant observation. Women and the Animal Rights Movement adds texture to the history of women in the animal advocacy movement."
I read it about eight months ago for a book group, and one of our members, a college student, was so impressed. As an animal rights activist, she hadn't given intersectionality much thought and this book helped expand her thinking on that. But because it was a long time ago that I read this book, I can't be terribly specific. All I can say is that I thought it was fantastic overall, and wanted to add some thumbs-up to it since other people who haven't read it yet are giving it a low score.
Men are also being sold constantly the "cruelty as toughness and strength" thing, which.... many fall for by default. Taking care of everyone on this planet is strength. Some genius in the future will cure it all - death, loss of life, liberty and love. Like slavery, ending animal cruelty would take a re-organization of society, a huge endeavor which may face opposition from people who resist change, or fear losing money. Hopefully with a combination of gandhi-like tactics and inspiration it would be a peaceful revolution. It is a moral imperative. To create life only to throw it away as worthless and un-loveable.... to deliberately create predators, to enjoy the suffering of life for food, or for excitement (as in one of those crappy predation and pain-as-entertainment shows etc...) is a great evil.
Also, to allow animal life that has been deliberately handicapped with lower intelligence or capabilities to breed is cruel beyond measure. Life without love is nothing. The deliberate manufacture of creatures that are deprived of intelligence or sophisticated means of self-defense is infinitely cruel. Their lives are placed at the mercy of predators and they are hopeless and suffer more in terms of fear and terrible deaths than most of us can imagine. I can. All for some bio-engineer's fantasy of the excitement of forms and other putrid pleasures like taste sensations... - like a cruel, childish, adult creating a cartoon, they must think this animated world is a video game with living dolls. Life should only ever be created and used for it's own, as well as ours, respect, the highest ideal of goodness and love. All creatures should have the rights to all that is good. Maybe the reasoning is that women do understand this better having suffered more at the hands of a predator society, in which - like animals - they have often had little control, which is perhaps why they are emotionally intelligent enough to understand being powerless and feeling great desire for liberation, as well as pain at being helpless as an animal does when harmed, I don't know if this is entirely true though, because some men are often helpless and in helpless situations - toy soldiers in predator armies they suffer at the hands of other predators, and are sometimes helpless to fight off predator control and recruitment - but both men and women contribute and both men and women have - and still do - participate in fighting it. Many great men have considered animal rights an important issue, including Gandhi, Einstein and others.