White Mother to a Dark Race: Settler Colonialism, Maternalism, and the Removal of Indigenous Children in the American West and Australia, 1880-1940 ハードカバー – 2009/7/1
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White Mother to a Dark Race takes the study of indigenous education and acculturation in new directions in its examination of the key roles white women played in these policies of indigenous child-removal. Government officials, missionaries, and reformers justified the removal of indigenous children in particularly gendered ways by focusing on the supposed deficiencies of indigenous mothers, the alleged barbarity of indigenous men, and the lack of a patriarchal nuclear family. Often they deemed white women the most appropriate agents to carry out these child-removal policies. Inspired by the maternalist movement of the era, many white women were eager to serve as surrogate mothers to indigenous children and maneuvered to influence public policy affecting indigenous people. Although some white women developed caring relationships with indigenous children and others became critical of government policies, many became hopelessly ensnared in this insidious colonial policy.
"[Jacobs] has taken the study of these nineteenth and early twentieth century institutionalizing policies in a rewarding new direction. . . . I highly recommend this book to anyone who is interested in indigenous studies, women's studies, and the history of intercultural relations in colonizing situations like the American West."--Nancy J./I>--Nancy J. Parezo "Journal of Arizona History " "This study stands as an excellent model and should encourage further comparisons between federal Indian policy and other maternalist projects within the United States as well as intimate strategies in other colonial regimes."--Cathleen D./I>--Cathleen D. Cahill "Western Historical Quarterly " "[White Mother to a Dark Race is] a monumental comparative study."--Cristina Stanciu, SAIL--Cristina Stanciu "SAIL " "[Margaret D. Jacobs] has produced a balanced, meticulously researched book filled with heartbreaking stories of loss and uplifting accounts of survival."--Lynette Russell, Great Plains Quarterly --Lynette Russell "Great Plains Quarterly " "Jacobs' focus on the role of white women, and specifically the function of maternalism, generates important insights into the interrelationship between race and gender in the creation of the modern white nation. Attention to the specificities of colonial regimes in the different locations of Australia and the American West--revealing the uncanny similarities as well as significant differences--can only enhance our critical understanding."--Trish Luker, International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies--Trish Luker "International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies " "This book deserves wide readership in U.S. western history, women's history, Indian history, and comparative ethnic studies."--Peggy Pascoe, Montana, the Magazine of Western History--Peggy Pascoe "Montana, the Magazine of Western History "商品の説明をすべて表示する
I think this book is definitely a must-read for any Native Studies historians, or any history student esp. in the Midwest and Western U.S. and in Australia.
Jacobs covers very well the topics of indigenous child removal, including the affects it had on children and families and the consequences of removal policies. She also clearly explains every facet of white maternalism which offers invaluable contextual information. Neither praising nor vilifying those involved in child removal, Jacobs' writing style allows readers to formulate their own views and responses to child removal policies.
Dr. Jacobs mentions many case studies she performed and her time spent researching is very well reflected in this book.
The book ends with a very powerful epilogue and afterword.