Webs of Corruption: Trafficking and Terrorism in Central Asia (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare) (英語) ハードカバー – 2019/5/21
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Counterterrorism experts and policy makers have warned of the peril posed by the links between violent extremism and organized crime, especially the relationship between drug trafficking and terrorism funding. Yet Central Asia, the site of extensive opium trafficking, sees low levels of terrorist violence. Webs of Corruption is an innovative study demonstrating that terrorist and criminal activity intersect more narrowly than is widely believedand that the state plays the pivotal role in shaping those interconnections.
Mariya Y. Omelicheva and Lawrence P. Markowitz analyze the linkages between the drug trade and terrorism financing in Central Asia, finding that state security services shape the nexus of trafficking and terrorism. While organized crime and terrorism do intersect in parts of the region, profit-driven criminal organizations and politically motivated violent groups come together based on the nature of state involvement. Governments in high-trafficking regions are drawn into illicit economies and forge relationships with a range of nonstate violent actors, such as insurgents, erstwhile regime opponents, and transnational groups. Omelicheva and Markowitz contend that these relationships can mitigate terrorismby redirecting these actors toward other forms of violence. Offering a groundbreaking combination of quantitative, qualitative, and geographic information systems methods to map trafficking/terrorism connections on the ground, Webs of Corruption provides a meticulously researched, counterintuitive perspective on a potent regional security problem.
A groundbreaking study of the drug trafficking-terrorism nexus, Webs of Corruption is applicable across the globe. A must-read for anyone studying the links among organized crime, state weakness, and political violence.--Erica Marat, author of The Politics of Police Reform: Society Against the State in Post-Soviet Countries
Omelicheva and Markowitz's research on the "crime-terror nexus" is refreshing and innovative, challenging conclusions often drawn on it. By bringing the state--both institutions and personalities--into the analytical mix, Omelicheva and Markowitz not only offer an explanation for how these transnational phenomena exist in Central Asia but also a logical framework for how to assess them in other geographic sub-regions of the world. Without question, Central Asian studies specialists and experts on terrorism and narcotics trafficking will benefit from a close reading of this volume.--Roger Kangas, Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies
Scholars and policy makers have long speculated on the nexus between drug trafficking and terrorism. In this ambitious and expertly conceptualized study, Omelicheva and Markowitz use a wealth of new data and cutting-edge social science tools to meticulously explore the various relationships that exist among these actors in Central Asia and provide an invaluable framework for understanding the different roles of state actors within these networks. This is an invaluable contribution to the academic literature and regional policy discussions.--Alexander Cooley, Columbia University