The Stronger Women Get, the More Men Love Football: Sexism and the American Culture of Sports (英語) ハードカバー – 1994/6
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Women's freedom and their freedom of movement have always advanced in tandem; early in this century, a suffragette's most potent symbol was her bicycle. Sports are central to American culture and the socialization of children, yet the "manly" sports world rarely offers women a level playing field. Despite laws to the contrary, all-male teams routinely garner a vastly disproportionate share of college athletic budgets; despite two decades of "sensitivity, " men's sports are still a fertile breeding ground for Neanderthal attitudes about women; and despite increased awareness of sexual harassment, affairs between male coaches and underage female players are commonplace and gang rape of college women by male athletes has almost become a cliche. As women have become increasingly involved in sports, those "manly" American sports - football, basketball, hockey - have seen an enormous explosion in popularity, at least partly because they are seen as an inviolably male domain. Many women are finding that participation in sports can make them healthier, happier, more confident in their own abilities, more at home in their own skins, better able to compete with men in the workplace. Is this what men are fleeing when they watch football? Astute, provocative, and full of original research, Mariah Burton Nelson's book paves the way for a new awareness of the American culture of sports and its pervasive effects on both women and men. --このテキストは、絶版本またはこのタイトルには設定されていない版型に関連付けられています。
A former Stanford and professional basketball player, Mariah Burton Nelson is the author of the groundbreaking The Stronger Women Get, the More Men Love Football and Are We Winning Yet? A popular lecturer, she speaks to several dozen groups each year and has appeared on hundreds of television shows, from Good Morning America to Dateline to Larry King Live. She lives in Arlington, Virginia. She can be reached via e-mail at Mariahbn@aol.com.
Unfortunately -- though not surprisingly -- nothing has changed since 1994. Athletes of the "manly" sports continue to commit crimes out of all proportion to their representation in the population at large, and continue to get away with them. Their victims, most often of assault and rape, continue to be pilloried. Fans, coaches, parents, and officials continue to ignore or belittle these crimes and their consequences. Alcohol-fueled, testosterone-driven behavior at college parties is still the norm, locker room codes of silence still hold, the wink-wink nudge-nudge tolerance of "boys will be boys" is still accepted.
And those of us who've grown hoarse pointing it out keep plugging away.
Read this book for a comprehensive overview of the American culture of sports and the belligerence it breeds. Remember it especially the next time you hear somebody spouting off about "family values." (Oh, and the evidence of homoeroticism is alone worth the price of admission; that especially raises sports fans' hackles!)
Other excellent books in this vein are: OUR GUYS by the late Bernard Lefkowitz, FRATERNITY GANG RAPE by Peggy Reeves Sanday, PROS AND CONS by Jeff Benedict and Dan Yaeger, BEER AND CIRCUS by Murray Sperber, BOYS WILL BE BOYS by Myriam Miedzian, PUBLIC HEROES PRIVATE FELONS by Jeff Benedict, and MASCULINITIES, GENDER RELATIONS, AND SPORT by Jim McKay, Michael A. Messner, and Donald F. Sabo.
Nelson's book confirmed what I'd long suspected: as women have gradually broken through one glass ceiling after another, men have retreated into sports as the last bastion of traditional masculinity. It's a world in which "girl" is used as an insult, where men are permitted to express their affection only by punching each other, and where the only females allowed on the premises are decorative servants. But for those who claim that this is harmless male bonding and dismiss its critics as man-haters, Nelson shows the darker side: high school athletes who rape with impunity, glorification of mindless violence, and perpetuation of a concept of "masculinity" defined by behavior that would make a Neanderthal blush.
While it's possible to pick holes in some of her arguments (I know female sports fans who are as ardently partisan as any man), I think Nelson's analysis is generally well done and convincing. My only criticism is that I would have appreciated more suggestions on "Where do we go from here?" But I think awareness of the problem is more than half the battle, and she's certainly done an excellent job of that! Every parent in America should read this book.