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Prime Numbers: A Computational Perspective (英語) ハードカバー – 2005/9/6
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Bridges the gap between theoretical and computational aspects of prime numbers
Exercise sections are a goldmine of interesting examples, pointers to the literature and potential research projects
Authors are well-known and highly-regarded in the field
From the reviews:
"There are many books about the theory of prime numbers and a few about computations concerning primes. This book bridges the gap between theoretical and computational aspects of prime numbers. It considers such matters as how to recognize primes, how to compute them, how to count them, and how to test conjectures about them¿The book is clearly written and is a pleasure to read. It is largely self-contained. A first course in number theory and some knowledge of computer algorithms should be sufficient background for reading it…Each chapter concludes with a long list of interesting exercises and research problems."
BULLETIN OF THE AMS
"The book is an excellent resource for anyone who wants to understand these algorithms, learn how to implement them, and make them go fast. It's also a lot of fun to read! It's rare to say this of a math book, but open Prime Numbers to a random page and it's hard to put down. Crandall and Pomerance have written a terrific book."
"…a welcome addition to the literature of number theory – comprehensive, up-to-date and written with style. It will be useful to anyone interested in algorithms dealing with the arithmetic of the integers and related computational issues."
"Overall, this book by Crandall and Pomerance fills a unique niche a deserves a place on the bookshelf of anyone with more than a passing interest in prime numbers. It would provide a gold mine of information and problems for a graduate class on computationl number theory."
From the reviews of the second edition:
"This book is a very successful attempt of the authors to describe the current state-of-the-art of computational number theory … . One of the many attractive features of this book is the rich and beautiful set of exercises and research problems … . the authors have managed to lay down their broad and deep insight in primes into this book in a very lucid and vivid way. … The book provides excellent material for graduate and undergraduate courses on computational theory. Warmly recommended … ." (H.J.J. te Riele, Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde, Vol. 7 (3), 2006)
"An absolutely wonderful book! Written in a readable and enthusiastic style the authors try to share the elegance of the prime numbers with the readers … . Weaving together a wealth of ideas and experience from theory and practice they enable the reader to have more than a glimpse into the current state of the knowledge … . any chapter or section can be singled out for high praise. … Indeed it is destined to become a definitive text on … prime numbers and factoring." (Peter Shiu, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1088 (14), 2006)
"This impressive book represents a comprehensive collection of the properties of prime numbers. … in the exercises at the end of each chapter valuable hints are given how the theorems have been attained. The chapters end with research exercises. The book is up to date and carefully written. … The volume is very vividly and even entertainingly written and is best suited for students and for teachers as well." (J. Schoissengeier, Monatshefte für Mathematik, Vol. 150 (1), 2007)
"The aim of this book is to bridge the gap between prime-number theory covered in many books and the relatively new area of computer experimentation and algorithms. The aim is admirably met. … There is a comprehensive and useful list of almost 500 references including many to websites. … This is an interesting, well-written and informative book neatly covering both the theoretical as well as the practical computational implementation of prime numbers and many related topics at first-year undergraduate level." (Ron Knott, The Mathematical Gazette, Vol. 92 (523), 2008)商品の説明をすべて表示する
The authors' writing style, while not conversational, never gets in the way, and allows reading at many levels (from light reading to deep research). Theorems are proved only when it makes sense to do so, i.e. when the proof adds insight into the matter. The exercises are interesting and challenging, and closing each chapter are avenues of further research, referencing open problems in the literature and the authors' own opinion on interesting subjects for research.
The first chapter is an overview of theoretical and computational developments, with anything from Euclid's proof of the infinitude of primes, Riemann's study of the zeta function, down to the latest huge computation of the twin prime constant and zeros of the zeta function in the critical line. Some famous open problems are displayed as well.
The necessary number theory background is covered on Chapter 2, though the interested reader should seek a more complete treatise on the subject.
Trial division, sieving and pseudo-primality tests are fully covered in Chapter 3. There is really nothing to complain about this chapter of the book.
Chapter 4 concerns proving the primality of integers. Many results are presented from the classical (meaning not involving elliptic curves) primality tests, and again there is nothing to complain.
Many people, such as myself, are drawn to the book for the integer factoring algorithms, and they're not going to be disappointed. Unfortunately, modern factoing algorithms deserve a book on its own, and it's impossible to cover all the ground in the space alloted to them in this book. The authors do a pretty good job of introducing them, even if the explanation is unclear and a bit shallow at times, and they always reference other works on the field for further information they were unable to cover.
Chapter 7, ``Elliptic Curve Arithmetic,'' is a great starting point for elliptic curve studies, with a no-nonsense introduction to the subject that is certainly enough for the algorithms that follow. These include Lenstra's Elliptic Curve Method of factorization; Shanks-Mestre's, Schoof's and Atkin-Morain's algorithms for assessing curve order; and Goldwasser-Kilian's and Atkin-Morain's primality proving algorithms.
Almost as valuable as the rest of the book itself (at least for implementers) is the ninth and last chapter, ``Fast algorithms for large-integer arithmetic.'' Many of these can be carried over without effort to floating point, so the scope of the material is even broader than the authors claim. Having read parts of Knuth's ``The Art of Computer Programming: Seminumerical Algorithms,'' I can attest to the superb exposition of Crandall and Pomerance being a breath of fresh air in this field. This book belongs on the shelf of every programmer implementing multiprecision arithmetic for this chapter alone.
To find all the info in it, you would have to scour a research library for all the papers that have been published on factoring and primality testing -- they are scattered thru many math journals. It also covers things like quantum computing and cryptography.
It's a good reference - no need to read the whole thing. It would also make an excellent graduate-level textbook.