Japan's Pre-War Perspective of Southeast Asia: Focusing on Ethnologist Matsumoto Nobuhiro's Works During 1919–1945 (早稲田大学エウプラクシス叢書) 単行本 – 2018/1/30
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The established theory argues that pre-war Japan's perspective of Southeast Asia was mainly concerned with its natural resources. However, this book on ethnologist Matsumoto Nobuhiro shows that scientific study of Southeast Asian culture had already existed in this time. It traces the formation and development of Matsumoto's ideas on Southeast Asia based on his writings in the period 1919-1945. Matsumoto started studying this region from evolutionist ethnology and decided to focus on it under the influence of diffusionist ethnology, because he believed in significance of Japan's relation with Southeast Asia in ancient times. In the 1930s and 1940s, he established Southeast Asian studies and Vietnamese studies by bringing research materials from French Indochina to Japan, introducing them to the Japanese people and founding research institutes at Keio University. He acquired various theories from Western and Japanese scholars and somewhat adjusted his arguments to the political climate of the era. This book examines evolutionist, sociologist and diffusionist ethnology, Southern Culture Theory, Southward Theory, Climate Theory, Orientalism, Southern Advance Theory, and Pan-Asianism in his works. It reveals that Matsumoto's perspective of Southeast Asian culture was a patchwork of arguments from many theories. In this pattern, he offered multiple views on this culture, which instigated further development of Southeast Asian studies in diverse fields, but his conclusion on Japan-Southeast Asian relations remained ambiguous.
Czech historian in Oriental studies. Ph. D. in international studies from Waseda University, Japan, Ph. D. in historical science, M. A. in Japanese studies and M. A. in Vietnamese studies from Charles University in Prague, Czech. Former lecturer in Vietnamese and Japanese studies at Charles University in Prague. Former Research Fellow in the department of East Asia at the Oriental Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Former tutor of academic writing at Waseda University Writing Center. Present faculty staff at Waseda University Global Education Center. Specialist on Japan-Vietnamese relations in the first half of the 20th century, published several peer-reviewed articles on Matsumoto Nobuhiro. Contributed to the book Dějiny Vietnamu (History of Vietnam, published in Czech in 2008) by chapters on the Vietnamese history from the 16th century to 1945. Supports international exchange with Japan, especially in karate.