Inventing Accuracy: A Historical Sociology of Nuclear Missile Guidance (Inside Technology) (英語) ペーパーバック – 1993/1/29
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Donald MacKenzie follows one line of technology -- strategic ballistic missile guidance through a succession of weapons systems to reveal the workings of a world that is neither awesome nor unstoppable. He uncovers the parameters, the pressures, and the politics that make up the complex social construction of an equally complex technology.
Inventing Accuracy is a brilliant achievement that will, if we are fortunate, change widespread misunderstandings about technological innovation. The strength of this book lies not only in its extremely clear and nuanced theoretical statements, but also in its rich historical narrative. This book should be of great interest to a diverse audience. It also provides a creative, if extremely demanding, model for future scholarship on technology and national security.(Lynn Eden Survival)
This is a great piece of sociology and a great book.... gripping, superbly researched, fair, sympathetic, and ultimately, hopeful.(Steven Shapin American Journal of Sociology) 商品の説明をすべて表示する
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Keep in mind that the book is a historical sociology of guidance, so many areas and types of missile systems are covered. Simple systems within the German V-2, to the "floating ball thingy" with laser ring gyros from the MX Peacekeeper missile are talked about. TERCOM and GPS guided air-launched cruise missiles (ALCMs) are covered briefly, as taking cruise missiles over the poles tends to require a vastly different type of mapping and guidance.
As a researcher, I found this book was a boon for details. Thoroughly footnoted and end noted, I found more rabbit holes to run down with each page I turned. If you want to know the "how's" and "why's" to missile system guidance, this will give you the story-behind-the-story. If you want to know why your missiles went into "PIGA Leveling," the best you'll find in here is the definition of PIGA (Pendulous Integrating Gyroscopic Accelerometer), not the math or physics behind it.
Bottom line: if you're interested in a history of missile guidance, get the book. If you're a math geek, this ain't going to help you much (and there are other formula-laden books that will excite you).
FYI, missileers - for the PIGA leveling question, just trust your Technical Data in your Dash -22.
This is four books in one;
The first half of the book is a summary of every computer system ever built in the 1940's, 50's and 60's. It's like having a guide as you walk through the backroom of the Computer History Museum in Mountain View.
The next part of the book is a detailed survey of all U.S. cruise and ballistic missile programs from 1940's until today. Then finally a survey of all Soviet/Russian cruise and ballistic missile programs from 1940's until today.
Overlaid on the cruise and ballistic missile programs is a description of the guidance systems of each one. There are details from the authors personal experience in designing these systems not found anywhere.
Read it in conjunction with Inventing Accuracy: A Historical Sociology of Nuclear Missile Guidance (Inside Technology)
It lays out with considerable clarity what the interplay between the science, technology, application and the politics of inertial navigation systems is/was/will be. These four strands are typically co-mingled into every technology in the world today. The author has put in serious effort to untangle the threads and lay it all out.
With so many discussions in the public arena today about the DF-21D system and its impact on posture in the Taiwan Straits, the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan, it is good to have a place to revisit the founding ideas in inertial navigation. It is certainly productive to use the analytical layout of this book to critically examine information about the DF-21D and other high hypersonic platforms.
The only concern I have is that this work casts a rather uncomfortable light on experiments that measure "G", the gravitational constant. Hopefully discerning readers would see that the scientific necessity of such efforts is independent of any applications.
This book is ideally suited for advanced readers, I can't recommend it as an exploratory read for people unfamiliar with the subject matter.
The most interesting parts of the book revolve around how the Navy submarine missile program changed from a "survivable, non-threatening deterrent force" into a first-strike system which actually provides less warning than land-based ICBMs.
I was recently watching a TV history of the moon landings, and they had a section about the inertial guidance system used in the Apollo program, compete with gyroscope cages spinning around. It was quite odd to see the TV version of this book.
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