Impossible Theology: The Christian Evolutionist Dilemma (英語) ペーパーバック – 2004/3/1
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If there were millions of years of evolution, before the creation of Adam and Eve, what does the Bible mean when it says they would die as a consequence of eating the forbidden fruit? If they were already mortal, they would die anyway. How can we say that Christ gives us eternal life, and we will rise to immortality, if we were never immortal in the first place? This book attempts to restore the true Gospel, which teaches that Adam and Eve were created immortal, and the complete work of Christ is that we should live with him forever in a world where the pre-fall conditions have been fully restored. The theological arguments are supplemented with scientific appendices, giving compelling evidence that the world in which we live has been created. Mike Gascoigne is a freelance technical author with a background in chemical engineering. He has taken an interest in Biblical topics for about 40 years and is able to bring together a unique blend of science and theology. He also has an interest in ancient history and is the author of "Forgotten History of the Western People: From the Earliest Origins."
To add my own note to Mike's well-presented arguments supporting Biblical Creationism and refuting Evolution, the Bible firmly declares that God created Adam and Eve as a fully "evolved" human man and woman. How else could Adam have named all the animals in the Garden of Eden shortly after he was created?
"Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name. So Adam gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him."
This Scripture makes it clear that Adam named and remembered each animal that God showed him, and had a great capacity to think and reason on his own before Eve was created and sought forbidden knowledge. Also, in that regard, how could Eve have been tempted to seek the knowledge Satan offered her if she had the simple sentience of an ape? She would have been too stupid to understand what she was missing, and generally uninterested (as well as incapable of) any form of higher learning. Indeed, Satan spoke to Eve verbally when he tempted her, yet apes are incapable of clear speech and cannot understand even the simplest words without concentrated drilling and repetition:
"Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, `Has God indeed said, "You shall not eat of every tree of the garden"?' And the woman said to the serpent, `We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden'..."
It's clear in this Scripture that Satan and Eve used some method of intelligent communication that is unknown between people and serpents of any kind today. Furthermore, this Scripture tells us that Eve was intelligent enough to know how to speak to the serpent in a language it understood, and vise versa. My point, of course, is the same as Mike's. The Bible leaves no room to doubt the fact that Satan exists, and that Adam and Eve were fully formed humans when they were created. Indeed, they were capable of speech, logic, and reasoning, human traits that led to mankind's first open rebellion against God - or what Christians call the Original Sin.