- ハードカバー: 384ページ
- 出版社: Yale University Press (2005/7/10)
- 言語: 英語
- ISBN-10: 0300104081
- ISBN-13: 978-0300104080
- 発売日： 2005/7/10
- 商品パッケージの寸法: 21.4 x 14.9 x 2.7 cm
- おすすめ度： この商品の最初のレビューを書き込んでください。
- Amazon 売れ筋ランキング: 洋書 - 460,953位 (洋書の売れ筋ランキングを見る)
Imperial Nature: The World Bank and Struggles for Social Justice in the Age of Globalization (Yale Agrarian Studies Series) (英語) ハードカバー – 2005/7/10
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Why is the World Bank so successful? How has it gained power even at moments in history when it seemed likely to fall? This pathbreaking book is the first close examination of the inner workings of the Bank, the foundations of its achievements, its propensity for intensifying the problems it intends to cure, and its remarkable ability to tame criticism and extend its own reach.
Michael Goldman takes us inside World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C., and then to Bank project sites around the globe. He explains how projects funded by the Bank really work and why community activists struggle against the World Bank and its brand of development. Goldman looks at recent ventures in areas such as the environment, human rights, and good governance and reveals howdespite its poor track recordthe World Bank has acquired greater authority and global power than ever before.
The book sheds new light on the World Bank’s role in increasing global inequalities and considers why it has become the central target for anti-globalization movements worldwide. For anyone concerned about globalization and social justice, Imperial Nature is essential reading.
"Simply the best analysis we have of an imperial, hegemonic institution ‘at work’: in this case, the World Bank at work containing, colonizing, co-oping and reformulating environmentalism. Imperial Nature is well-argued, ethnographically subtle, and historically deep. Goldman’s work will be the indispensable point of departure for all subsequent work on ‘green’ neo-liberalism."—James C. Scott, Yale University
"Imperial Nature offers novel insights into the Bank’s methods of valuing nature and orchestrating technologies of governance to legitimize its development regime. Rich case studies, interwoven with intriguing biographies of developers and resisters, ground this engaging account of the Bank’s unrivalled, and yet always fragile, power to produce and monopolize development knowledge."—Philip McMichael, Cornell University
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Goldman describes Robert McNamara's reign as a period of change for the World Bank. It was made both highly efficient and hegemonic. The efficiency factor allowed the World Bank to accrue funding from many international sources, and complete projects within short time spans. However, this same efficiency set the standard for future projects- that those researchers who wanted project funding and promotions would abide by bank rules. Important information involving local peoples would be excluded, adding to the bank's increasing hegemony. Negative consequences for the environment would also be ignored, so long as a neoliberal agenda for development was promoted.
The World Bank wields enormous power over the global South, as many national governments rely on it for economic prosperity. It has no system of checks and balances, nor is there another entity fit to replace it. As Goldman states, "A few well timed political victories could send tidal waves through the international financial system and create many new opportunities for social movements to create alternative structures." Thus we are left with the question: is there an alternative to promote economic development while maintaining environmental and social sustainability?
For somebody who has hardly any previous knowledge regarding the World Bank and its operations, this book will give you the basic understanding of how it works. For somebody who understands the inner-workings of the dominant World Bank, this book might seem monotonous and vaguely informative. But overall, the book is fairly entertaining and revealing.
One particularly interesting element of Goldman's book is his examination of the World Bank's dominate role "[a]s a producer of scientific knowledge," (Goldman, p. 101). This less frequently heard criticism of the bank is well, if anecdotally, discussed in Imperial Nature. In chapter 3, Goldman addresses the Bank's institutional impediments to creating unbiased information. By examining the organizational structure limitations, skewed staff incentives, top-down internal political limitations, and time constraints, Goldman makes a fairly compelling case that there are serious structural problems that can bias the Banks panoply of research.
The rest of the book, and even the chapter on knowledge production, however, could have been better served by a more systematic analysis. In Goldman's defense, he did not intend to write an empirical critique of the bank. In the preface, he writes that his book can "be read as an adventure travelogue," or as a "sociological inquiry," (Goldman, p. xvii). Judged on those grounds, the book may take a different shape, but it still does not satisfy one looking for a compelling and empirical analysis of the World Bank's institutional failures.
In the beginning, the author described broad topics such as how the World Bank functions. This made it easier to understand the specific cases that were presented later in the book such as the case study on the Nam Theun 2 dam in Laos. Some issues addressed by Goldman include water privatization. This topic is a good example of the classic tragedy of the commons and how as a common pool resource it needs to be regulated.
The book made us question who is benefiting from the projects. It described how the World Bank treats the people in developing countries with a neocolonial attitude since most of the lesser-developed countries are former colonies. We considered the question of whether the World Bank should continue to exist with the same power. In our opinion, the World Bank should consult with the people who will be affected by development projects. This will provide a system of checks and balances that is necessary to prevent corruption. Overall, we recommend this book because it succeeded in making us think differently about the Bank.
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