Handel: Fernando CD, Import
Written in 1732, this opera has a curious history. The libretto, anonymously adapted from a text by Antonio Salvi, concerns the Spanish King Fernando, who undertakes to make peace between the warring Portuguese King Dionisio and his rebellious legitimate son. He is aided by Dionisio's selfless illegitimate son, his Queen, and his daughter Elvida, to whom he is betrothed, and is hindered by a treacherous Councilor pursuing his own agenda. This unflattering portrait of Portugal's royal court might have offended Britain's oldest ally, so half-way through composing the opera, Handel changed the locale and the characters' names, and re-titled it Sosarme, Re di Media. Unaccountably, he eliminated many of the narrative recitatives before the first performance, making the story less coherent and the characters less affecting.
On this recording, however, director Alan Curtis has restored the work to its original form, textually, musically and dramatically. The result is vintage Handel. The melodies are meltingly lovely; the orchestration is transparent but colorful. The music evokes and enhances the moods and images of the words: teasing dissonances and their resolution illustrate "woe" and "joy," deceptive cadences treachery. Of the seven roles, only one is a bass (the villain, naturally). Two lyrical countertenors represent the noble peacemakers, and two clarion tenors are the feuding hotheads. The mezzo-soprano is a movingly suffering Queen; her lamentations and reproaches are riveting. Elvida's soprano runs the gamut of emotion, from tremulous anxiety (with rests and hesitations), courage and determination (with stratospheric flights), to rapturous bliss in two love duets with Fernando, where instead of singing only to each other as usual, they sing together. All the parts are extremely demanding, with much florid coloratura to which the singers add further ornamentation in the da capos. The performance is beyond praise: stylistic, meticulous, clear, expressive, passionately involved, and beautiful in sound. --Edith Eisler
It was probably the touchy relations with Portugal (an important allied to Britain) that made Handel switch the tittle from Fernando, Re di Castiglia to Sosarme, Re di Media, when he set about to compose Act III, and thus change the names of the characters. By this easy change of names Handel showed that the opera was not a commentary on political issues in Portugal, but rather on the theme of reconcilliation of a father and a son.
Charles Burney (a leading historian of music in second half of the 18th century) thought highly of this opera and deemed it one of Handel's best. The first aria (Handel's only aria in B-major) in the opera (I;1), beautifly sung by Veronica Cangemi (Elvida), is very moving and should be "canonised" into the main repetoire of sopranos. Also the duet "Per le porte del tormento" (II;8) is stunning, and Burney mentions this particullary as a true masterpiece. Here Elvida sings together with Fernando (Lawrence Zazzo), and this duet is perhaps worth the two CDs alone.
The tenor Filippo Adami (Dionisio, king of Portugal) has one of the most demanding parts in this opera. Adami is a good actor and infuses the role with a tremendous sense of energy. Antonio Abete's bass (Altomaro) is also full of life, which is remarkable, as Curtis' casting of the bass Vito Priante in Vivaldi's Montezuma was a real letdown. Abete has nouances in his voice that is ideal to his interpretation of the villain's part. Altomaro isn't Handel's most interesting psycological portrayal of a villain, but he certainly composed some impressive music to his famed bass Mantagnena for this opera, and Abete is perfect for this.
Fernando is sung by counter-tenor Lawrence Zazzo. His interpretations are not so tastefull as i.e. a Phillipe Jarousky (which I belive would be ideal in this part) surely would have sung it. However Zazzo has a real sense of drama and heroism in the war-like arias and is moving in the more sensual arias. The other counter-tenor part, Sancio (Fernando's half-brother), is sung by Max Emanuel Cencic. His part in the plot is quite important, and could, with a little rewriting of the libretto, have been the protagonist. Cencic's interpretation of Sancio's first aria "Si, si minacia" (I;6), where his over-genorous use of vibrato in order to portray vengance threatening to destroy the kingdom, seems to go dangeroulsy near the pathetic. In other arias he showes a more interesting use of his voice, and on the whole he is a good singer.
It is also very nice to have Veronica Cangemi in such a splendid role where this rising star is given sufficient room to shine.
Curtis' conducting is dramatic and brings shades and light to the music without sacrificing poetry to drama. He is alert to the different rethorical modi which the arias calls upon and pushes the story forward with his deep sense of the drama's logical unity.
As Curtis' interpretation of Deidamia (Handel's last opera) showed, he is not at all suited to the humorus modes in Handel. There are however no comic elements in Fernando, and this fullfledged seria opera is more in his vein.
The recording (2005) from Tonhalle, St. Gallen, is quite dry and renders the bass a little wooly. You will certainly not find the close microphone sound of many of todays baroque-orchestras, but if you like the sound (and approach to Handel) of Nicholas McGegan, this recording will certainly prove a very succesfull one.
One of the most beautiful arias of this masterwork is «Se discordia ne disciolse», sung by Dionisio, but Lawrence Zazzo as Fernando, the King of Castle is superb; his aria «Mi oporró da generoso» is a great proof of gorgheggi.
Max Emanuel Cencic as the prince Sancio is very good, too and has a very, very powerful voice in spite of he is a countertenor; in his aria «So che il ciel ben spesso gode», he speaks about the injustice in the world and establishes a relationship between Alfonso and Dionisio and the heavens that dropped thunders against Christ. A good comparison! Good performance of Alan Curtis and Il Complesso Barocco!