Gulliver's Travels (英語) ペーパーバック – 2017/3/18
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Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of Several Ships, better known simply as Gulliver's Travels (1726, amended 1735), is a novel by Anglo-Irish writer and clergyman Jonathan Swift, that is both a satire on human nature and a parody of the "travellers' tales" literary subgenre. It is Swift's best known full-length work, and a classic of English literature.
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When I was a little child, I read the 1st and 2nd chapter of this book which was edited for a small child. I though this book was very interesting at that time. Now, I have found out that this book is actually composed of 4 chapters, and what the author, Jonathan Swift, actually wanted to tell to the reader was in the 3rd chapter of this book. What is attracting about this book is that it is not only an ordinary science fiction novel, but it is aiming to point out the filthiness and ugliness that humans possess inside themselves. Since I have grown up and acquired some knowledge of English, I decided to read the book in the original language, which should contain the author's claims which haven't went through filter of translation.
Next I describe summary of this book. Mainly this book is a strange journal of ship doctor Gulliver, during his voyage with crews. He visits Lilliput、Brobdingnag、Laputa、Houyhnhnms as the chapter goes by. Gulliver experiences a variety of events at places he visits, and compares their thoughts and ideas for politics to his home country England, which make him feel sensitized by them. In the form of a voyage diary written by Gulliver, the author, Jonathan Swift, described the criticism of politics, law and constitution; human powerlessness; the filthiness and ugliness that humans possess which is made by desire and reason. Finally, Gulliver can get his home, but he is not what he used to be. He comes to hate the creature “human”.
I recommend this book to the rising generation like me by 3 reasons.
First, you can meet unusual English which is much different from English we use nowadays. This book was written in 1726, so Jonathan Swift used English which are not used today but at that time mostly. For example Swift use “hath” instead of “has”. This book tells university students, who can understand most of English grammar, different aspects in English. You can see Jonathan Swift's peculiar English expression, too.
Second, you can have critical eyes in our politics, law and constitution. In the story Gulliver is asked politics, law, etc. in England by the natives in the 4 different countries. The natives have many various questions which are surprised us. We the rising generation must know our own country because we become a leader of our own country. So we should read this book and learn critically aspects.
Third, this book describes us silliness of desire and reason of the human. In the 3rd chapter, it shows the last days of scientist. Science which scientists are considering all the time isn't helps our life at all. It means that their consideration isn't face to what they have to think but what is meaningless. Also in the 4th chapter, the human is said “Yahoo”, avarice and filthy animal. Houyhnhnms states opinion against Yahoo and that opinion is just so what we must learn.
In conclusion, there are many contents we must learn to become a leader of society. The most important part in this book is what the native's states to Gulliver. Don't misunderstand. It is NOT what Gulliver states to the natives.
If I should give a score to this book, I give 4.8 of 5 points. Through reading this book, I learn a creature named “human” critically and how satire story is interesting. This is a reason why!
I want to read “A Modest Proposal: For Preventing the Children of Poor People in Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country, and for Making Them Beneficial to the Public” written by same the author. It is generally admitted that this book is most intensive story in satire among all Swifts'. That book tells me more filthiness and ugliness that humans possess than “Gulliver's Travels”.
Thank you for reading and try to read “Gulliver's Travels”.
We all know that these stories are supposed to a thin veil for an agenda. Everyone from H. G. Wells to Ayn Rand hit you over the head with their agenda form the first. But no Jonathan rattles with 10 pages to describe what is in his pockets included his hidden pocket. (Who Cares?) And the book is filled with mundane descriptions. I think he is using this to flesh out what would be a 25 page manifesto. It is not until you get half way through the book that, with the exception of a few snide remarks about kings he finally coughs up his point.
"..., whether a private man's house might not be better defended by himself, his children, and family, then by half-a-dozen rascals, picked up at a venture in the streets for small wages, who might get a hundred times more by cutting their throats?"
He goes on to pick on just about all the politics and ventures of England at the time. Paranoid readers can see the parallels form the book and today's news. However if it is that important than dump Swift and just watch the news.
Anyhow it is not worth the time to read this book unless you are interested in someone that defecates at the end of his chain and dells about it in detail.