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Constructing Autism: Unravelling the 'Truth' and Understanding the Social (英語) ペーパーバック – 2005/7/28
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Autism is now considered to be one of the most common developmental disorders today, yet 100 years ago the term did not exist. This book examines the historical and social events that enabled autism to be identified as a distinct disorder in the early twentieth century.
The author, herself the mother of an autistic child, argues that although there is without doubt a biogenetic component to the condition, it is the social factors involved in its identification, interpretation and remediation that determine what it means to be autistic. Constructing Autism explores the social practices and institutions that reflect and shape the way we think about autism and what effects this has on autistic people and their families. Unravelling what appears to be the ‘truth’ about autism, this informative book steps behind the history of its emergence as a modern disorder to see how it has become a crisis of twenty-first century child development.
'Majia Holmer Nadesan...brings a welcome sociological and historical perspective to her thoughtful and thought-provoking survey of current controversies.' - Michael Fitzpatrick, GP商品の説明をすべて表示する
The overpowering result of Nadesan's research, in my opinion, is that medical science itself, ironically, is circumscribed by society's refusal or inability to recognize it's own role in creating and treating illnesses such as autism. Nadesan's rationale that autism (or any mental illness for that matter) is created through society's verbal and symbolic articulation of the illness as well as one's genetic history allows science and society to work in concert rather than in opposition.
As both a researcher and the mother of an "autistic" child, Nadesan's work offers a much more balanced and insightful understanding of autism and its implications for society.