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Cartels of the Mind: Japan's Intellectual Closed Shop (英語) ハードカバー – 1997/11


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内容紹介

As Washington and Tokyo continue to clarify their relationship and roles, Japan continues to block the access of foreign professionals, Westerners and Asians alike. These market barriers serve neither the professed goals of Japan nor those of the United States. Despite repeated promises to open up, Japanese legal, media, academic and research organizations run an intellectual closed shop. Western lawyers are stymied in efforts to help firms enter the Japanese market. Foreign correspondants are systematically walled off from the most important resources. Resident Asian academics in search of stable and productive careers and education find the roads blocked. Non-Japanese scientists and engineers are kept out of state-of-the-art laboratories. Japan aspires to a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and a larger political voice, but its intellectual parsimony is simply not worthy of a world economic power, argues Ivan Hall. This book looks into the causes of these cultural and institutional barriers and examines ineffective past attempts to challenge them.

著者について

Ivan Hall has spent nearly three decades in Japan as a correspondent, cultural diplomat, and academic. He was the first associate director of the Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission and spent nine years teaching as a professor in Japanese universities. He lives in Tokyo.


登録情報

  • ハードカバー: 208ページ
  • 出版社: W W Norton & Co Inc (1997/11)
  • 言語: 英語
  • ISBN-10: 0393045374
  • ISBN-13: 978-0393045376
  • 発売日: 1997/11
  • 商品パッケージの寸法: 15 x 2.5 x 21.8 cm
  • おすすめ度: この商品の最初のレビューを書き込んでください。
  • Amazon 売れ筋ランキング: 洋書 - 132,995位 (洋書の売れ筋ランキングを見る)
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Amazon.com: 5つ星のうち 4.0 12 件のカスタマーレビュー
5つ星のうち 4.0 Passionate plea, well argued 2014/10/16
投稿者 Joe6Pack - (Amazon.com)
形式: ハードカバー
The title says it all. It's mainly how foreign academics are mistreated (and other professionals in their institutions as well) by Japanese universities and the Monbusho. This debunks the myth about Japan wanting the best and brightest as desired immigrants. Basically once they are long enough in Japan, get tenure rights and become expensive they are thrown out, as university administrators prefer "fresh blood", cheaper new Ph.D.s and more amenable younger colleagues. This has happened before in the latter Meiji era, when Japanese officialdom felt that they had learned enough and kicked their advisers out Now this will get worse as Japanese universities struggle for the diminishing student in take and need to cut staffing. Guess who will get the chop first? Also this debunks the myth about Monbusho wishing to internationalize Japanese university ediucation, after they managed to close down almost all foreign (mostly UK and US) university branches in the country during a decade long sustained campaign. The book also covers the lot of foreign correspondents and attorneys, but is more passionate (and convincing) on the fate of foreign scholars.
3 人中、3人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 3.0 Wishing for a more subtle analysis... 2011/11/1
投稿者 Azazello - (Amazon.com)
形式: ハードカバー
Halfway through this book I was enjoying Hall's fists-flying attack on the insularity of Japanese organizations. By the end of the book, however, I found myself increasingly forced into the camp of cultural apologists he continually warns against throughout. While Hall is no doubt right to be righteously indignant about a lot of what he describes, his entirely unquestioned faith in American-style universalism as the only proper alternative ultimately comes across as arrogant and, um... all too American in its assumption that open access to other people's cultures is an absolute right. Even if you despise its effects, the 'particularity' espoused by certain mainstream strands of Japanese culture does represent a distinct alternative to American-style universalism, and one that has proven itself robust and alluring to large numbers of people. I would love to read a study that critiques this 'particularity' discourse more on its own terms, rather than attacking it from the outside with a different ideology - one in some ways equally dogmatic and difference-averse. Reading this as an American, in English, Hall's writing feels all too smug about the rightness of the American way of doing things, for all people everywhere.

All in all reading the book was like watching one of those polemical documentaries that exhaustively argue one side of an issue - at first you are wrapped up in the damning evidence and thrill of wrongs being exposed, but after the same point is made over and over and over in the same way, you gradually grow skeptical about whether the situation could really be so simple. It would have made a fine magazine feature, but at this length I was hoping for more.
12 人中、10人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 5.0 Probing epochal mysteries 1999/12/3
投稿者 Eamonn Fingleton - (Amazon.com)
形式: ハードカバー
I was one of the commentators who was approached by thepublisher in 1997 to write a pre-publication recommendation for thebook's jacket. I was a delighted to oblige and this is the unabridged version of what I wrote: "All talk of globalization to the contrary, the Japanese mind remains systematically closed to Western attempts at intellectual engagement. As Ivan Hall demonstrates over and over again in this important book, Japan's exquisitely aloof and unWestern intelligentsia is evidently more than happy to perpetuate this state of affairs." More than two years later, I would say that I am even more aware of the book's importance today than I was then. A Harvard-educated historian who boasts more than three decades' experience dealing with Japan as a cultural diplomat, as a correspondent, and, most recently, as a professor, Ivan Hall is unsurpassed among American scholars in his understanding of Japan's intellectual closed shop. Even more important, in a field where corporate funding has acted increasingly powerfully to frustrate the spirit of free inquiry that is the hallmark of all true Western scholarship, Hall is virtually alone in the courage and independence of mind he brings to the epochal mysteries of how the Japanese politico-economic system truly works. He thus stands in particularly piquant contrast to those among his American academic peers who would apologize for the aspects of Japan criticized in this book. If anything, Hall has erred on the side of gentleness in his criticisms. My own interpretation of the true rationale for Japan's highly exclusionary "press club" system, for instance, is considerably harsher than Hall's. One thing should be emphasized: for all the talk of Japan's economic "collapse" in recent years, in the ways that matter (or at least should matter) to American policy makers, Japan is stronger than ever these days. It has already surpassed the United States in net exports (that is exports netted for imported content), for instance, as well as in the absolute size of its manufacturing sector. Most important of all, by dint of its soaring current account surpluses, it now towers over the United States in its ability to project economic power abroad. It is a tribute to the profoundly unWestern way that information flows in Japan that Westerners ever believed that the perennially underestimated Japanese economy had collapsed in the 1990s. --Eamonn Fingleton, author of In Praise of Hard Industries: Why Manufacturing, Not the Information Economy, Is the Key to Future Prosperity
8 人中、7人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 5.0 A detailed look at a side of Japan that few will deal with. 1998/4/30
投稿者 カスタマー - (Amazon.com)
形式: ハードカバー
Basically, I see this work as trying to destroy the barrier that the academic world, both in the U.S. and Japan, has errected to shield many of the patterns of behavior within Japanese culture that are less than "fair." Moreover, it is at it's best an attempt to look into a subject that too few academics are willing to because of the sensitive nature of the issues involved. Hall is one of the few academics who does not equate being critical of Japan with racism, Japan bashing or political incorrectness. The book also has a great strength in that it covers areas that are often overlooked in the tradition of Japanology. Law and Journalism are seldom mentioned in surveys of the tensions between Japan and America and academics are almost ignored as a matter of course. Hall opens up the possibility that the U.S. is not simply pushing our values on other cultures and expecting them to do things the "American way." I think it is a very important book becasue it points out the desparity between the treatment of Japanese residing and working in professions here in the U.S. and Amercians in professional positions in Japan. This alone makes Hall's book very valuable because it is a truth that many ignore completely. I would highly recomend this book to anyone who is looking for a more accurate picture of the current situation facing Americans seeking a carrer in Japan.
Thank you very much, Bryce King II
3 人中、2人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 4.0 Good for the power elite, but not good for the citizens/consumers 2007/4/17
投稿者 Amazon Customer - (Amazon.com)
形式: ハードカバー
An excellent book. It covers mainly three professions, the legal profession, journalism and academia. It describes how in these three professions, Japan tries to give the impression that it is an open society, where in reality, it is a closed society.

Personally, I am in the medical profession, and in my personal contact with the medical world in that society, the impression I have is that that same Cartels of the mind exist. I was very surprised to learn that while many of the latest drugs are readily available in Singapore, once the licensing authorities in the major advanced countries have given the go ahead, such as approval by the FDA in the USA, in Japan, these new drugs are not available maybe until some years later, Viagra being the notable exception. In the case of Viagra, it seems that within six months of its approval in the USA by the FDA, the Japaense Ministry of Health approved of its use in that country already, (because the old men in power there need it?)

Many years back, in the 80s, the scandal of HIV tainted Factor VIII in Japan was due to exactly the same kind of protection mechanism. Factor VIII is a product required for the treatment of Hemophiliac. Before the discovery of the method for inactivating the HIV virus, quite a number of Hemophiliacs became infected with that virus. In the mid 80s, the Americans learnt how to inactivate the HIV virus and the Americans produced Factor VIII became relatively safe. It was not allowed to be imported into Japan citing tests were required to prove its safety for use by the Japanese. Result? A large number of Japanese hemophiliacs became infected by that virus.

The result of these protectionistic measures might be good for the Japanese firms, but not good for the Japanese citizens and consumers.

This book by Ivan Hall is timely in illustrating how the intellectual world in Japan managed to protect itself from too much outside influence using the three professions: legal, journalism and academia, to illustrate that point. I am sure if Mr. Ivan Hall should decide to look into the medical world, the same situation applies.
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