非聖戦―CIAに育てられた反ソ連ゲリラはいかにしてアメリカに牙をむいたか 単行本 – 2001/12
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Cooley has an incredible amount of information and relies on interviews he conducted with key players over the last 30 years. He sees the rise of terror in that state as largely a result of the unchecked flow of weapons and money to the mujaheddin from the United States to support the guerrilla war against the Soviets. With the exodus of Soviet tanks from Afghanistan, the US left also, closing, almost overnight, intelligence operations and diplomatic presence. The result was a disastrous civil war between warlords and religious fanatics that allowed the rise of the Taliban.
Citing the US as a culprit in the quagmire, a significant amount of responsibility is placed on the actions of the Pakistani intelligence services. Controlled by religious ideologues, the Pakistani intelligence services operated nearly autonomously from other Pakistani government branches, and often in opposition to stated policy. It's ostensible purpose was create a religiously friendly state on Pakistan's western border so as to take weight off of pressure created by the often contentious, and occasionally violent, relationship with India on it's other side.
Eventually, it leads to the exportation of the "holy warriors" around the world, and followed later by opium as a cash crop supporting the somewhat outcast Taliban government.
In short, a must read.
The book suffers from a lack of editing and a somewhat choppy organization. However, the sheer volume of information easily makes the difficulty following the reading well worth the challenge.
There was a long row of aftershocks after the outbreak of the Afghan Jihad. Anwar Sadat paid for his peace mission with Israel in his assassination in 1981. Hezbollah bombed the US Marine Barracks and Beirut Embassy in 1982 and 1984. Abu Yassaf began his Islamic resistance work on the island of Mindanao. The civil war between the Islamic Salvation Front and the Algerian government forces raged from 1994 to 1996. US installations in Saudi Arabia were bombed in 1995 and 1996, and so it went on to the more recent armed attacks and exchanges we all know.
The author goes into the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, itself the earliest and most offensive crisis in Moslem conscienceless, only after the HAMAS organization was formed at the end of the Afghan war. Perhaps this was, because up until then the Palestinian guerilla war, raging for decades, was still chiefly a secular and territorial conflict, whereas with HAMAS it was one waged by religious fundamentalists, who refused to cooperate with Arafat's PLO.
For those who look for an in-depth and factual textbook about this ongoing clash of civilizations, its origins, motives and complications, Unholy Wars is an excellent choice.