- 単行本: 166ページ
- 出版社: 恒星社厚生閣 (2001/03)
- 言語: 日本語
- ISBN-10: 4769909330
- ISBN-13: 978-4769909330
- 発売日： 2001/03
- 梱包サイズ: 19.5 x 14 x 2.5 cm
- おすすめ度： 3件のカスタマーレビュー
- Amazon 売れ筋ランキング: 本 - 868,037位 (本の売れ筋ランキングを見る)
哲学と現実世界―カール・ポパー入門 単行本 – 2001/3
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本書の原書はPhilosophy and the Real World: An Introduction to Karl Popper（ISBN 0875484360）であり2012年現在も入手可能である。
The novel beings by explaining why Karl Popper is not a well known name, despite the fact that he has been regarded among the greatest scientific philosophers of all time. Many saw Popper's works to be in the same light as the logical positivists', though Popper insists this is a severe misinterpretation.
"The point I want to make here is that Popper's work itself contains a feature, unavoidable when rightly understood, which has got between him and potential readers--who, being only potential, are not yet in a position to understand it." (Magee, 1985, p. 9)
What he intends to introduce here is Popper's philosophy of advancing knowledge through criticism of what has come before. To an extent, this is reminiscent of the confirmation of theory through falsification, as proposed by Popper himself, which was previously described in Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Falsificationism, essentially, asserts that we never really know anything; it is that we believe to be true what has not yet been shown false.
"He believes... that only through criticism can knowledge advance. This leads him to put forward most of his important ideas in the course of criticizing other peoples'...." (Magee, 1985, p. 9)
Unfortunately, Popper's criticisms of ideas from persons such as Plato and Marx have often been taken as simply being criticisms and are not understood for the work Popper presents himself. When Popper's critiques are mistaken with the advancement of knowledge he intends, they therefore lose meaning. Another wall between Popper and readers is concerned with the prevalence of philosophy. We often take our basic knowledge as fact without being aware of the underlying philosophy. Yet, because the foundation is philosophical, persons will undoubtedly receive concepts differently based on their own ideologies, cultures, etc. The desire to be understood is perhaps one of Popper's most distinguishing characteristics as a philosopher, as well as a likely reason for why he spent so much time editing and refining his writing. But to be fully understood, one must be aware of all of Popper's works and the framework they built around society, scientific discoveries, and history--else the unity and complete comprehension is lost. This, however, is also the premise of Magee's novel: to outline Popper's work in order to make clear its systematic unity.
Popper's view of what constitutes science is absent of the inductive method and therefore escapes the problems of induction; he finds that it is falsifiability which divides the scientific from the non-scientific. Popper also proposes his version of the scientific method, contrary to the traditionalists' view. Popper's emphasis on problem-solving and its influence on all human activity is characterized in the fourth chapter where Popper's take on evolution and the development of language is introduced. Magee also describes Popper's `World 3' and its influence on the individual, forecasting the political struggles of the world which are discussed in the last chapters of the book.