'The Silent and the Damned: The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank' authored by Robert Seitz Frey and Nancy C. Thompson (First edition published 1988, second release 2002, Kindle version 2012), will be remembered throughout history as yet another one-sided book about the Leo Frank Case shamelessly weak on the facts.
Here's a tiny little snapshot:
The authors of this book quote from Leo Frank's 1906 college yearbook, concerning a number of facts about him, for instance stating he weighed 130lbs, but the original source they cited actually says he was 145lbs (Cornell Senior Class Book, 1906, pages 344 & *345*). Mary Phagan was NOT born in Marietta, Georgia, during the year 1900, she was born hundreds of miles away in Florence, Alabama, on June 1st, 1899. "John Phagan" (the wrong name listed as Mary Phagan's biological father) did not passaway in the year 1911, William Joshua Phagan (the correct name of Mary Phagan's biological father) died from measles more than a decade prior in February of 1899 (yes, Mary Phagan was indeed a posthumous daughter). Leo Frank did NOT marry Lucille Selig in October of 1910, but specifically November 30th (Frank-Selig Wedding Certificate, 1910). Leo Frank's father, Rudolph Frank, born in 1844, and thus was not 67 years old in 1913, because in 1913 he turned 69. These are just a small subset of the minor errors, but in terms of major errors, there are numerous Leo Frank trial transcript misquotes to be found in this book and the most significant ones will be pointed out below.
Does anyone accurately reference official legal records and documents anymore?
The minor and major errors found in this book literally go on and on after this, one after another, page after page, chapter after chapter, all the way to the end. To be fair, even meticulous authors can make mistakes, but when the facts mangled outnumber the book's pages, something is definitely amiss. There seems to be a pattern here, because I noticed the same pattern within the author's Master's degree thesis published in 1986.
The Frank-Phagan Case (1913 to 1915) has been often described over the last one hundred years by crackpot revisionist conspiracy theorists and Leo Frank's defenders as an anti-Semitic miscarriage of justice, involving the Negro floorsweeper, James Conley, who they claim actually murdered Phagan without anyone else knowing and thus Leo Frank the factory superintendent was instead wrongfully convicted for the crime, because of collective anti-Jewish sentiment.
This peculiar and complex rape-murder criminal affair is one of the most well documented in the annals of Southern jurisprudence, so there is really no excuse for the endless sloppy research contained within this pathological "Gentile-vs-Jews" tribally myopic disinformation book. Moreover, the Official Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence (1913) -- ratified by the trial judge, defense and prosecution teams -- and unabridged Georgia Supreme Court files and records (1913, 1914) of trial and appeals, survived in their entirety into the 21st century and are easily accessible to researchers, students and scholars, so there really is absolutely no justification for these authors - intentionally or unintentionally - misquoting these official legal records publicly available from the State of Georgia's Archives.
The question naturally arises by people familiar with this case who read this particular treatment: Why would these authors invest so many years of their lives writing and re-writing this book (1986, 1988, 2002, 2012), and yet still allow an uncountable number of factual errors in this latest edition, especially since their inclusions can be easily verified for whether or not they are accurate or not?
Racist and Hate Conspiracies Directed at Black and White Southerners:
The substance, direction and conclusions of this one-sided book, reveals an ugly racist agenda that ultimately answers this question definitively. Directed at European-American and African-American Southerners, the authors waste no time deliberately making unfounded blood-libel insinuations, promoting disproven century-long hate crime hoaxes, and perpetuating false accusations about vast Southern anti-Jewish conspiracies against Leo Max Frank. Which is why most of the suppositions, claims and conclusions in this rendition of the Leo Frank epic saga do not even stand up to minimal academic scrutiny or fact-checking.
Racist and Hate Conspiracies Directed at European-American Southerners:
This propaganda book wrongfully indicts the whole state of Georgia, by suggesting its police, government officials and citizenry, willfully, knowingly and collectively participated in railroading and assassinating an innocent man, primarily because he was Jewish. This despite the fact German-Jews were historically and generally regarded in the Old South by Gentiles of all classes, as upstanding and moral citizens. The consensus of Southern Jewish and Gentile historians has always been, then and now, that European-American Southerners generally respected and treated Jews as White equals, but the same can not be said for how African-Americans were treated during the progressive era and afterwards.
In sum total, this book is really meant to be is another deracinating bludgeon in the one-hundred-year-long racist Jewish-Gentile culture war that began in 1913 and continues today with renewed ferocity. This conflict is lead by an insidious and agitating minority within the organized Jewish community that has always historically been known to be at perpetual war against the majority. The expressed intention of creating this conflict is demoralizing European-Americans for their once prevailing traditional ethnic solidarity, ironically by some of the most ethnically paranoid people on earth. You can see this tendency reflected in most books written on the Frank-Phagan case.
The tide is changing though as 2012 begins a new age of enlightenment and turbulence for humanity, now more people than at any other time in history are asking the forbidden question: Why is it that most of the same people who incessantly express concern, and communicate about widespread anti-Semitic racist conspiracies in the United States, often promote the status quo of Apartheid Israel as an ethnocentric "Jewish State", one that is indisputably known for having committed state-sanctioned racist crimes against humanity during the last 60+ years and provides no voting or civil rights for the non-Jewish people they illegally occupy under International Law.
The bottom line is that racism, prejudice and bigotry directed against other people is wrong no matter who it comes from and unacceptable no matter who it is directed at, and yet the tunnel vision authors of this book, who seem so pathologically obsessed with anti-Semitism, failed to mention all the juicy details of the diabolically racist plot Leo Frank botched when his gambit to frame his African-American nightwatchman Newt Lee fell apart. The authors also conveniently omitted the well documented tirade of anti-Black gutter racism spewed by Leo Frank's legal defense team against the African-American Jim Conley during the trial's closing arguments. All of this speaks volumes about the authors malicious efforts to perpetuate sectarian conflict between Jews and Gentiles by regurgitating seething mythologies about a century long anti-Semitic hate crimes (hoaxes) waged against Leo M. Frank.
From the perspective of Leo Frank Case historians not suffering from pathological tribal myopia, who have spent several uninterrupted years studying the official trial and appeals legal records, and reading every single local Atlanta newspaper account of the whole ordeal from 1913 to 1915, this ill-conceived book does not measure up to the level of scholarly research, and historical accuracy, you would expect from the experienced technical writers who authored this latest edition (first edition 1988, second edition 2002, kindle edition 2012), simply because they omitted, misquoted or took out of context the vast majority of the 200+ witnesses who testified in this case. This is easily confirmed by reading the trial testimony published in the Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta Journal and Atlanta Georgian from from the dates July 28, through to the end of August of 1913, that all together can be compared to the official trial transcript digest of testimony in the Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence, 1913.
It's not just the testimony from the month long trial and exhibits these authors distorted!
Brimming with half-truths, misrepresentations, fabrications and omissions, most of which are not obvious to the average person, the authors chose to leave out the SUPER vast majority of relevant pre-trial evidence uncovered by investigators against Leo Frank during the critical first 48 hours and subsequent Coroner's Official Inquest (April 30 to May 8). Anyone who takes the time to study the several thousand pages of official Leo M. Frank case legal records (that fortunately survived into the 21st century, despite underhanded efforts to purge it), will quickly come to the conclusion that the authors of this book never bothered to carefully read, study and sift the appeals records in the Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court Case Files, nor do they accurately report what was really argued and why it mattered. Most people who actually studied the Leo Frank case for numerous years, cringe in disbelief when they read this impetuous book, particularly at how poorly it was formulated and shamelessly weak on the facts.
Spoiler Alert: This book is another clumsily concocted attempt to rehabilitate the image of the convicted child strangler, Leo Max Frank, the prominent Atlanta president of B'nai B'rith, from September 1912 & 1913 to 1914, whose conviction led directly to the Independent Order of B'nai B'rith founding of the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) on October 20, 1913.
So now we come around full circle to the reoccurring question that comes to everyone's mind as they fact check this book: Why would Nancy C. Thompson-Frey and Robert Seitz Frey (who published an error filled masters degree thesis called, "The Case of Leo Frank M. Frank in The Continuum of American History: An Assessment of Christian Responses". Masters of Arts Degree in History, June 1986, Baltimore Hebrew College, Maryland) go to such extreme lengths to obfuscate the facts and twist the events of the Leo Frank Case?
Perhaps the longtime modern leader of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (ADL), can give us the answer:
"The authors are to be commended for this calm, dispassionate, yet chilling story of how bigotry can kill a man and destroy a system of justice.... Must reading!" -Abraham H. Foxman, National Director, Anti-Defamation League [ADL of B'nai B'rith].
The ADL, Born in Blood:
The conviction of Leo M. Frank, cited as the impetus for creating Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith in 1913, has ever since then, resulted in numerous books having been written about the Leo Frank Case in this same vein of manufacturing mythological anti-Semitism where there was none, attempting to re-write history, rehabilitate Leo Frank into a hero-martyr and cover-up an embarrassingly heinous scandal that can't be buried.
The ADL web site suggests that racist mobs of people were shouting murderous anti-Jewish slogans into the open court room windows at the Jury during the 1913 summer trial of Leo Frank, and that anti-Semitism was the reason Leo Frank was convicted, Direct ADL Quote:
"Hang the Jew, Hang the Jew." This was the cry of the furious mob outside the Atlanta courthouse where Leo Frank, a Northern Jew, stood trial after his arrest in 1913 for a murder he did not commit. Anti-Semitism hung heavy in the courtroom as Frank was found guilty and sentenced to death (see: History of the ADL on their dot org website).
The Century-Long Anti-Jewish Hate Crime Hoax Uncovered:
If there was even a drop of anti-Semitism leading up to the indictment or during the Leo Frank trial, why is it not mentioned in Leo Frank's numerous petitions for appeals between 1913 - 1915? Why is it not mentioned in any of the three major local Atlanta newspaper accounts (Constitution, Georgian and Journal) that had teams of reporters inside and outside the courtroom meticulously documenting the events of the trial? Surely, something so noteworthy of a mistrial, disruptive mobs of yahoos screaming racist murder into the windows of the trial's courtroom, would have been mentioned. This book commended by Abe Foxman is guilty of perpetuating it's own version of this ADL Hate Crime Hoax.
Frey and Thompson, Chapter 4, The Verdict, Quote:
Through the blistering days of summer the trial unfolded amidst the very real presence of an anti-Jewish mob spirit. The streets were thronged with people demanding the conviction of "the damned Jew." The crowd, some allegedly armed, applauded, jeered, and laughed through out the trial. Judge Roan had made repeated, but timid, efforts to maintain a semblance of order. Spectators in the courtroom sat directly behind the jurors. The jury could surely feel the palpable presence and sentiment of the crowd. Because of the heat, the windows in the city hall building were open and the heads of people standing in the street were practically level with the sills of these open windows. A group of men sat on the roof of a shed outside the window just ten feet behind the judge and the witness chair. "The mob was breathing vengeance in the very face of the judge and jury."
In reality Jews were not historically known in the South for committing such a sadistic and perverted rape-strangulations. Italians, Greeks and Russians were European sub-species that were thought to be more crime prone and were ranked significantly below Jews and Anglo-Saxons. If anything, it would have been infinitely easier to convict the African-American James "Jim" Conley with less evidence against him, than Leo Frank who was well connected in the organized Jewish community, especially because he was Atlanta president of the 500 member Jewish fraternal organization B'nai B'rith. The Cream of the Crop.
Leo Frank the Serial Pedophile:
Now that the State of Georgia is scanning all legal records of Leo Frank's trial and appeals, slowly making them available online, the public is soon going to learn about another unpublicized pedophile-rape committed by Leo Frank, one involving a very sadistic twist. More than a year prior to the murder of Mary Phagan on April 26, 1913, Leo Frank raped one of his young child laborers, causing her to become pregnant. She was shipped off to a home for unwed teenage mothers in Ohio. After initially defiling the little girl, Leo Frank descended between the legs of this child, plunged his teeth so viciously and rabidly into the inner most region of her thy (adjacent to her genitals), that he permanently scarified her flesh. Luckily she survived to tell of the incident during Leo Frank's appeals (Georgia Supreme Court Records, 1913, 1914). This revelation of psychopathic perversion is left out of Leo Frank partisan books, because it tends to corroborate the 19 pre-teen and teenage girls, who were former employee's of the National Pencil Company, that testified under oath at Leo Frank's murder trial, affirming and sustaining his behavioral patterns of aggressive sexual predation against little children.
What the authors also left out of this unworthy book is the Mary Phagan murder investigation:
During the Coroner's Tribunal, Leo Frank testified he had never used the bathroom all day on April 26, 1913 - not that he didn't remember using it, but that he hadn't used the bathroom at all. Leo Frank also repeatedly swore to an alibi while under oath during the official Coroner's Inquest (April 30 to May 8) on Monday, May 5th, 1913 and Thursday, May 8th, 1913, stating that he never left his office after Mary Phagan had arrived and "left" him alone at noontime on April 26, 1913, between noon and 12:20pm. Prior to Leo Frank making these statements at the Coroner's Inquest, he also gave the exact same murder alibi to Atlanta Police Detective John R. Black and Pinkerton Assistant Superintendent Harry Scott on Sunday, May 4th, 1913, while imprisoned in jail at the station house.
Meet 14-year old Miss Monteen Stover:
What Leo Frank didn't know at the time he made his murder alibi about never leaving his office or going to the bathroom, is that another one of his child laborers, one he also temporarily laid off, named Monteen Stover, had come to his office to collect her wages. Stover arrived just minutes after Mary Phagan (12:02, 12:03), and found Leo Frank's office perplexingly empty between 12:05pm and 12:10pm. When Monteen Stover revealed this timeline incident at the trial, it resulted in Leo Frank changing his 4-month-long-maintained murder alibi. A half hour into Leo Frank's trial statement given orally to the jury, he explained where he might have supposedly been and why his office seemed empty during that critical time. And in doing so, Leo Frank solved the murder of Mary Phagan...
Grand Jury Indictment of Leo M. Frank:
On Saturday, May 24, 1913, after a two week murder investigation and hearing all witness testimony sworn under oath, the Fulton County Grand Jurors, voted unanimously, 21 to 0 against Leo Frank, indicting him for the murder of Mary Phagan. Several of the grand jurymen were Jews, placing serious doubt about the perpetual cri-de-wolf of anti-Semitism concerning the indictment of Leo Frank. With all the real instances of anti-Semitism in the world, artificially fabricating instances of it only cheapens the genuine cause against it. And there are no shortages of snake oil salesmen, quacks and crackpots who make a living off of inventing anti-Semitic hate crime hoaxes (read my review of Leonard Dinnerstein's version of the Leo Frank Case).
What's the real reason the Grand Jury indicted Leo Frank? The authors failed to mention the full extent of who testified and who did not testify at the Grand Jury hearings, so that the reader would be unable to draw their own conclusions about what was revealed and why the Grandjurors likely voted unanimously against Leo Frank. With this list of Grandjury witness names, the researcher can then read what these same witnesses later restated at the Leo Frank trial in the summer of 1913. Moreover, Jim Conley did NOT testify at the Grand Jury hearings, but Monteen Stover DID, and this among other things is the crux of suppression by these authors: Monteen Stover, one of the star witnesses at the Trial.
The State of Georgia vs. Leo M. Frank:
The 4-week long Leo Frank murder trial began with its first witness on the afternoon of Monday, July 28, 1913, with Newt Lee the last to testify that afternoon, then being carried over to the next day. Day after day, witness after witness, the curiously intriguing details of State's witnesses were conveniently left out of this book. Why would anyone leave this information out? Such utter contempt for legal history is inexcusable.
By Monday, August 4, 1913, Jim Conley luridly testified at the trial for three grueling days, stating he found Mary Phagan dead adjacent to the metal department's bathroom entryway (State's Exhibit A), that is after Leo Frank confessed to assaulting Phagan in the metal room when she refused to have sex with him. Leo Frank's legal defense dream team - made up of the best legal minds in all of Georgia - spent 3 days using every trick in the book to try and trip up and impeach this accessory after-the-fact to the murder of Mary Phagan, but Rosser and Arnold were unable to do so and what they actually did is draw out of Conley information about Leo Frank's escapades with Atlanta madams in his office and the packing room.
Jim Conley Admits to Writing the Murder Notes:
The murder notes found by the dead body of 13-year-old Mary Phagan dumped in the rear of the basement, describe her going to "make water" (urinating) at the only place she would have gone to the bathroom in the factory. Namely, the metal department's bathroom, it would have been the only bathroom Phagan would have used when she left Leo Frank's office on the second floor, because there was no accessible bathroom on the first floor of the NPCo, and the bathroom in the rear of the dark and dingy basement was racially segregated for "Negroes Only". Leo Frank forgot to jimmy open the locked door on the first floor lobby leading to the office space of former Clark woodenware company, that departed on January 17, 1913, because the police found the door locked as the owner of the building said it should have been. Leo Frank had boxed himself as the culprit in his deviously racist plot to frame the old, tall, dark-complected, balding, married Negro, with no criminal record, Newton "Newt" Lee, known colloquially at the factory as the nightwatch.
The Tight and Narrow Solution:
Mary Phagan worked in the metal department, colloquially known as the metal room, and her work station was right next to the entryway of the bathroom by a matter of a few foot steps. Leo Frank to reach the bathroom would literally walk by Mary Phagan's work station each day from the time she worked there between the spring of 1912 to Monday, April 21, 1913. The authors never adequately explain how Leo Frank could tell the police, the coroner and jury that he did not know his employee Little Mary Phagan's name, given the fact she worked under his tutelage for 55 hours a week on the punchclock, over 52 weeks, clocking more than 2,500 hours of sticking little pink erasers into tight brass bands wrapped around the ends of pencils.
Leo Frank's Admission on the Witness Stand that Amounted to a Murder Trial Confession:
The most significant omission by Nancy Thompson Frey and Robert Seitz Frey are the clear-cut details about Leo Frank's trial testimony playing out to the solution of the Phagan murder mystery, that is, after he sat down on the witness stand, during the last week of his 29-day trial (July 28 to August 25, 1913).
Leo Frank made a mind-numbing unsworn 4-hour statement to the Jury on Monday, August 18th, 1913, and he rather astonishingly refused to be cross examined by defense or prosecution attorneys. What innocent man would refuse to be examined or cross-examined? Leo Frank changed his sworn murder alibi that he maintained for 4 months about having never left his office around the time when Phagan arrived and departed. On Sunday, April 27, 1913, Leo Frank told Police Mary Phagan came into his office a few minutes after twelve. On Monday, April 28, 1913, he told Atlanta Police that Mary Phagan arrived in his office between 12:05 and 12:10pm, maybe 12:07pm. At the Coroner's Inquest he changed the time to 12:10pm to 12:15pm. However something almost unbelievable happened on the witness stand at the trial, Leo Frank reversed himself, and told the jury that he might have "unconsciously" gone to the bathroom in the metal room!
In the most shocking climax of the most sensational murder trial in Southern history, Leo Frank seated on the witness stand told the 13 men - twelve jurymen and judge - the real reason why Monteen Stover found his office empty.
Leo Frank said (direct quote on witness stand):
Now, gentlemen [of the jury], to the best of my recollection from the time the whistle blew for twelve o'clock [on Saturday April 26, 1913] until after a quarter to one [12:45 p.m.] when I went up stairs and spoke to Arthur White and Harry Denham [on the fourth floor], to the best of my recollection, I did not stir out of my office [located at the front of the second floor]; but it is possible that in order to answer a call of nature or to urinate I may have gone to the toilet [in the metal room located at the back of the 2nd floor]. Those are things that a man does unconsciously and can not tell how many times nor when he does it (Leo Frank Trial Statement, August 18, Brief of Evidence, 1913, p. 186).
The Solution to the Murder of Mary Phagan:
Leo Frank made this newfangled explaination why Monteen Stover found his second floor office empty between 12:05pm and 12:10pm, which was timeline wise, precisely when the bludgeoning, rape and strangulation of Mary Phagan occurred in the metal room according to the prosecution's theory and the case the State built. When 250 people packed in the courtroom heard Leo Frank's "unconscious" metal room bathroom admission, they likely involuntarily shivered and felt cold chills down their spines, especially after hearing about the wound on the back of Mary Phagan's head, blood on the floor near the metal room bathroom and the discovery of her broken off dried-bloody hair found tangled around the solid iron handle of Robert P. Barret's bench lathe in the same room against the South wall.
Descriptions of the 5 inch wide blood stain and spatter smeared with haskolene next to the metal room's bathroom door discovered by child laborer Magnolia Kennedy, was most significant, because Jim Conley testified he found Mary Phagan dead near the metalroom bathroom entryway. However the lynch pin that brought it all together tight and narrow was State's Exhibit B, Leo Frank's deposition to Atlanta police on Monday, April 28, 1913, where he stated Mary Phagan came into his office between 12:05 and 12:10pm, maybe 12:07pm, that created an unbreakable chain of circumstantial evidence, when Leo Frank finally explained his absence during that exact same time. On Sunday, April 28, 1913, Leo Frank told police that Mary Phagan came into his office at 12:03pm, which gave them both enough time to reach the metal room before Monteen Stover arrived.
Leo Frank admittedly put himself precisely in the metal room where all the forensic evidence indicated Mary Phagan had been killed and at the exact same time he told the police Phagan was alone with him in his office. Leo Frank got caught in an inescapable lie.
Flash Backwards Dateline Sunday morning, April 27, 1913:
Mary Phagan had been found dumped in a mutilated state at the back section of the National Pencil Company's factory cellar, her 4'11" tall and 120lbs of dead-weight had apparently been dragged 140 feet face down from the basement elevator shaft located at the front section, across the hard earthen floor, leaving a clearly visible trail according to the first responders who arrived before 4:00 a.m. The Coroner figured out she likely wasn't murdered in the basement, because the dirt encrusted scratches all over her face didn't show any signs of bleeding. Numerous Physicians performing autopsies on Mary Phagan, later pointed out back then in 1913, that once the heart stops beating, the body ceases the healing process. Thus the Mary Phagan Autopsy revealed she was already quite dead when she had been dragged from the elevator shaft and that the basement was probably not the initial scene of the bludgeoning, rape and strangulation. It was a simple CSI forensic revelation Leo Frank never anticipated when he ordered Jim Conley to move the cadaver of Mary Phagan to the rear of the basement. The police realized that if Mary Phagan likely hadn't been killed in the basement, there were only two other possible options, the first floor lobby which was the highest traffic place of the factory, or the metal room at the rear of the second floor where conspicuous forensic evidence had been found. The door to the large office space of the Clark Woodenware company had been locked since January 17, 1913, when they departed and there was no other forensic evidence found around the lobby. This caused the police to put their entire focus on the 2nd floor.
Student's of the case are left wondering why did Leo Frank go to such unusual lengths to coverup the crimes origins by having Phagan moved 2 floor down and then attempt to frame his African-American nightwatchman Newt Lee with "death notes" hand written by Conley, but not bother to meticulously clean up Phagan's bloodied and broken off hair tangled around the handle of the bench lathe in the metal room? Why didn't Leo Frank make any real effort to clean up the 5 inch wide fan-shaped stain of Phagan's blood on the floor in front of the doorway to the bathroom inside the metalroom?
Perhaps intelligent book smart people, sometimes lack common sense and make the simplest of mistakes.
The Trial Exhibits Obfuscated by the Authors:
Looking back on the case nearly a century later, the significance of everything comes to light when one looks closely at Leo Frank's Defendant's Exhibit 61 and State's Exhibit A (Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence, 1913), precise architectural floor plans, revealing the only set of bathrooms on the 2nd floor, were located inside the metal room. Providing a commonsense conclusion that Leo Frank ineluctably incriminated himself well beyond a reasonable doubt with his "unconscious" bathroom visit, one based on his own submitted trial map exhibits, and thus making his murder conviction a nobrainer for any jury and every level of the United States appeals courts.
There was no anti-Semitic conspiracy to convict Leo Frank, he looked the jurymen in their eyes and calmly said that essentially, he might have "unconsciously" been at the scene of the crime at the exact time it was occurring. In the 20th or 21st century, what would any other jury, possessing average intelligence, have done in the same situation?
As a whole, Leo Frank's trial statements to the jury were, generally speaking, filled with unmitigated and incomprehensible blunders that left most legal minds dumbfounded and flabbergasted in 1913, and today. When we review Leo Frank's 4-hour trial statement today, its astonishing, especially because Leo Frank always claimed he was innocent.
Most people wonder, how could Leo Frank claim to the Atlanta police he was in his second-floor's office alone with Mary Phagan between 12:05pm and 12:10pm on April 26, 1913, and also simultaneously be "alone" in the metal room bathroom located down the hall as he told his Trial Jury on August 18, 1913?
Looking back in time as 21st century time travelers, the Leo Frank trial was no nail biter, it is certainly not a "cold case" today, and it definitely was not some kind of collective anti-Semitic framing against the "Yankee Jew" by racist Southerners, but instead, what it was, is the first time in Southern history that a legitimately indicted man, made an admission at his own murder trial, that unequivocally amounted to Leo Frank entrapping himself inescapably. How many times has something like this happened in Southern, Northern or simply American history?
Leo Frank's Confirmation of his Guilt:
Several months after Frank's August 25 conviction, on March 9, 1914, the Atlanta Constitution published an authorized interview of Leo Frank in jail, where he once again admitted, as he had done on August 18, 1913, that he was using the metal room bathroom, unknowingly at the exact same time Monteen Stover was waiting alone for him to collect her pay inside his temporarily empty office between 12:05 and 12:10pm, thus again contradicting his deposition to Atlanta police that Mary Phagan had been with him inside his office alone between 12:05 pm and 12:10 pm, maybe 12:07 on Saturday, April 26, 1913.
Leo Frank's admission that amounted to a murder trial confession was tight and narrow, by 1913 standards or 21st century standards. This is why I encourage people to read the official Leo Frank trial brief of evidence (1913) contained within the Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court records, to learn specifically why this married dynamic duo, Nancy C. Thompson and Robert Seitz Frey, can not be considered -- by any stretch of the imagination -- reliable, honorable and trustworthy to retell this epic saga. This book is not even worthy of being called non-fiction or true crime, but it is an ugly attempt to cover-up a ghoulish rape and garroting committed by an aggressive and deadly pedophile. So what do you call people who intentionally obfuscate facts, evidence and testimony, to transform a perverted sexual predator and child killer into an innocent and noble martyr of anti-Semitism?
Buy this book and compare it with the official legal documents of the Leo Frank Case.