The events of December, 1937 in Nanjing are long-standing causes of contention rooted in political differences of opinion between China and Japan. The Chinese view is unified, expressed in the "300,000 victims" engraved on the memorial walls in Nanjing, which bluntly refers to the Chinese opinion and entity of the "Great Massacre School." Views in Japan range from complete denial to agreement with the Chinese. The Japanese government's position of denial fuels the diplomatic clash. The Politics of Nanjing takes a centrist position in order to reconstruct historiographically the days leading up to and following the Japanese invasion of the capital and the political aftermath in China-Japan relations.
Kitamura Minoru (Ph.D., Kyoto University) is Professor of modern Chinese history at Ritsumeikan University. He is a member of the Japan Association for Modern China Studies.