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The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture
 
 
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The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture [ペーパーバック]

Roger J. Davies , Osamu Ikeno
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内容紹介

In The Japanese Mind, Roger Davies offers Westerners an invaluable key to the unique aspects of Japanese culture. Readers of this book will gain a clear understanding of what really makes the Japanese, and their society, tick.

Among the topics explored: aimai (ambiguity), amae (dependence upon others' benevolence), amakudari (the nation's descent from heaven), chinmoku (silence in communication), gambari (perseverence), giri (social obligation), haragei (literally, "belly art"; implicit, unspoken communication), kenkyo (the appearance of modesty), sempai-kohai (seniority), wabi-sabi (simplicity and elegance), and zoto (gift giving), as well as discussions of child-rearing, personal space, and the roles of women in Japanese society. Includes discussion topics and questions after each chapter.

All in all, this book is an easy-to-use introduction to the distinguishing characteristics of Japanese society; an invaluable resource for anyone—business people, travelers, or students—perfect for course adoption, but also for anyone interested in Japanese culture.

著者について

Roger Davies holds a Ph.D. from the University of Wales, Bangor, and is currently Professor of Applied Linguistics and Academic Director of the English Education Center at Ehime University in Matsuyama, Japan.

Osamu Ikeno holds masterÆs degrees in linguistics and ESL from Kobe University and the University fo Hawaii. He is Associate Professor of English Education in the Faculty of Education at Ehime University.

登録情報

  • ペーパーバック: 280ページ
  • 出版社: Tuttle Publishing (2002/4/30)
  • 言語: 英語, 英語, 英語
  • ISBN-10: 0804832951
  • ISBN-13: 978-0804832953
  • 発売日: 2002/4/30
  • 商品パッケージの寸法: 21.4 x 14 x 1.9 cm
  • おすすめ度: 5つ星のうち 3.8  レビューをすべて見る (4件のカスタマーレビュー)
  • Amazon ベストセラー商品ランキング: 洋書 - 9,196位 (洋書のベストセラーを見る)
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Ambiguity, or aimai, is defined as a state in which there is more than one intended meaning, resulting in obscurity, indistinctness, and uncertainty. 最初のページを読む
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最も参考になったカスタマーレビュー
27 人中、24人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 2.0 Japanese Studies in Reverse 2006/1/17
投稿者 nagoyaron
形式:ペーパーバック|Amazonで購入
I bought this book with the hope of possibly using it in my own classes, but was thoroughly dissapointed with this book that really does the opposite of what it sets out to do. Rather than promoting understanding of Japanese and Japan, it works to uncritically strenghten many of the old "nihonjin" myths, ignoring some of the best more theoretically sound research of more recent years.
このレビューは参考になりましたか?
33 人中、29人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 5.0 すばらしい! 2002/12/22
投稿者 oceanpearl
形式:ペーパーバック
内容は、甘え、天下り、集団意識、わびさび他日本人のidentityに深く影響しているtopicについて著者の監修のもと、大学の学生がリサーチしたものが、英語で書かれていて、それぞれのtopicの後ろにDiscussion Questionがついています。私の通っている大学で、授業の教科書として使われています。授業では、topicについて学習した後、Discussion Questionについて、海外の方や日本人と話しあいます。そうすると、ひとりでは気が付かなかった、日本人の心の奥にひそんでいる意識、無意識を左右してきた文化が見えてきたりして、とても役に立っています。国際化が進む中で、日本人も自分の文化を説明できる英語力が問われていると思いますが、そういう力をつけたい方はぜひぜひ読んで、周りの人と話し合ってみてください。
このレビューは参考になりましたか?
2 人中、1人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 4.0 A great read 2011/12/3
投稿者 Fodderstompf
形式:ペーパーバック
A little dated now, but still a good read.
このレビューは参考になりましたか?
1 人中、0人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 4.0 For a read every now and then. 2014/5/22
投稿者 MeepyMay
形式:単行本(ソフトカバー)|Amazonで購入
A good book overall but doesn't captivate me enough to finish it and want to learn more about the culture.
このレビューは参考になりましたか?
Amazon.com で最も参考になったカスタマーレビュー (beta)
Amazon.com: 5つ星のうち 4.2  39 件のカスタマーレビュー
130 人中、123人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 5.0 Exploring tolerance and understanding 2004/5/6
投稿者 america-jin in nippon land - (Amazon.com)
形式:ペーパーバック
I stumbled upon this thoroughly enlightening book at the end of my third year of living in a small bucolic town in the mountains of rural Japan. While it is intended as an overview and introduction to various things that can make the Japanese seem different and enigmatic to outsiders, many of the topics are discussed from their historical evolution, which helps to construct them in a much fuller and as a more complete figure. Moreover, the subjects covered are often unobservable to the casual visitor and neophytic foreign transplant, yet are central to understanding the Japanese character. Where I had just simply witnessed and pondered over many baffling and seemingly contradictory actions of the people whom I was residing amongst at first, after reading this book I came to understand them in a much clearer and tolerant way. Another result, incidentally, was it also helped ease me through an extremely delayed case of culture shock. We should note that problems arise not through stereotyping (which, despite our fanatical political correctness at times does tend to be accurate more often than not), but when we use these generalizations to assert a cultural superiority, or inferiority as the case may be, and to define differences as being anything other than such.
This wonderful little book is clearly written by Japanese college students, and edited by the professors who guided them, in a style that makes even opaque concepts accessible. Ritualistic behavior is deconstructed in plain and precise language, in a conciseness that is also equally typical of the Japanese. It is organized into twenty-eight mostly interconnected chapters, though you can read them in any order you prefer. Some are perhaps too brief and would require explorations elsewhere for those serious inquisitors, still, like pieces to a puzzle, if you accurately connect them, they do render a thorough image in their totality. The editors, however, are careful to remind us that many of these topics continue to be debated and controversial even within Japanese society today. Nevertheless, the keen observer should, for example, be able to meld chapters like Uchi to Soto (literally translated as inside and outside), Honne to Tatemae (actual intentions and superficial words/actions, in a chapter I wished was more developed), Haragei (the implicit way of communication), Aimai (ambiguity), and Nemawashi (laying the groundwork) to better understand the Japanese "ways" in intercultural dealings and discern why they have often been regarded as remaining isolated inside their own country and outside of the responsibilities in world affairs that many would like to attribute to one of the world's strongest economic powers.
This book is filled with informative and insightful essays and should be mandatory reading for anyone interested in the Japanese mentality, for those who study the language, and for even those Japanese who have a good enough command of English and wish to understand and communicate more about their culture than the trite aspects that are so often regurgitated in films and popular pulp. At the end of each chapter there are discussion activities that not only probe further into the respective topic and often attempt to relate it to contemporary Japan, but should also help facilitate one of the main purposes of this project, intercultural dialogue leading to mutual understanding. Even if you are lucky enough to engage in these conversations with some Japanese be forewarned, like the many Americans who have a hard time explaining our traditions of Halloween or saying "(God) bless you" after a sneeze for instance, much in this book is so entrenched in and forms the undercurrent of normal everyday life in Japan that many Japanese have trouble recognizing and explaining it themselves. Kudos to both the Ehime University students and teachers for producing such a well-written, thought provoking, and helpful analysis--its value far exceeds its cost.
64 人中、61人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 3.0 A useful introduction 2002/11/2
投稿者 Philippe Vandenbroeck - (Amazon.com)
形式:ペーパーバック
I picked this enjoyable booklet up at Narita Airport on my way home from yet another visit to this interesting country. By the time I landed in Frankfurt I had read it from cover to cover.
The book is conceived as a primer. Contributions are organised in brief chapters, each one focusing on one important aspect of Japanese culture. One learns about rituals, aesthethic categories, myths, principles of social organisation, role models, etc. Each chapter concludes with a series of assignments for discussion activities in classes.
With short chapters, a glossary and a fairly extensive bibliography, the book is obviously conceived as a broad brush introduction to Japanese culture and a stepping stone towards further study.
For those unitiated to this complex and sometimes baffling culture, the modest price of this book is money well spent. But for an in depth treatment one definitely needs to look elsewhere.
64 人中、55人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 1.0 Weak analysis, poorly written, repetitious, not beneficial to read 2010/11/2
投稿者 Jonathan Rankine - (Amazon.com)
形式:ペーパーバック
[This was originally written for the JALT (The Japan Association of Language Teachers) Journal's Book Reviews Section]

At 270 pages, this is a slim collection of essays on "key concepts in Japanese culture" (p. 1). Intended as a text, each of the 28 essays is followed by discussion questions which are separated into two groups: one for Japanese students of EFL and the other for foreign students of Japanese Studies. Furthermore, the co-editors intended that through clarity, well-documented research, and demonstrated field-testing, the text would also appeal to the general reader.

Unfortunately, this text fails on almost all accounts. Written by Japanese undergraduate seniors, the explanations are simplistic, superficial, and inconsistent. The first essay on the purportedly unique-to-Japan chinmoku (silence) is an illustration. It is used during times of thoughtfulness, hesitation, restraint, conflict avoidance, defiance. and indifference, in public and in private (pp. 53-55). This "unique" Japanese cultural trait has been defined so broadly as to become meaningless, since it covers almost every moment of silence one could experience anywhere.

The superficiality of the research is reflected in the use of E. Reischauer's (1990) comments originally made in 1977 on the contemporary status of marriage in Japan: "Japanese women are often said to have difficulty in socializing freely... However, women seem willing to play their own roles in maintaining the household as good wives and mothers" (p. 67). One wonders how "freely" socializing women or "good wives and mothers" who are unhappy with their roles and divorce their husbands fit into these nearly thirty-year-old arguments. There is also the incorrect statement that White Day is only found in Japan (p. 98). It is also found in South Korea. Furthermore, there is an inconsistent level of analysis. Honne and tatemae (private versus public persona) receive only two pages of text, but soshiki (funerals) receives 14 pages, even though the latter is high on detail and low on analysis.

However, this text's greatest weakness lies in the editing, for, as the editors admit, the essays are patchworks of many papers on the same or similar topics, which is why no single essay is credited to any one author. The results are frequent jumps in argumentation and awkward or altogether puzzling insertions within the essays, as well as much overlap and repetition among the essays. For example, the concept of amae is defined twice and explained multiple times (pp. 17-19, 67, 103-104). The concept of vertical society is defined three times (pp. 10-11, 144, 187-188). Both honne and tatemae (pp. 104-105, 115-116, 195) as well as ie (pp. 61-62, 119-124, 217-218) are defined three times. Many other concepts are similarly over-defined. There are also basic grammatical and sentence structure errors, including run-on sentences, capitalization, and verb-agreement problems. It is surprising that this book was edited by two professors and has gone through Tuttle's editing process.

The book's basic premise is to explain and create discussion on contemporary Japanese culture. However, it is centered on a historical Japan that not only has changed, but also is changing in many of the areas covered. Not to be found are discussions on contemporary Japanese cultural traits exemplified by enjokosai (teenage prostitution), furiita (young, part-time workers with little hope or belief in the future), or tomodachi-oyako (an unhealthy parent-child friendship deficient in minimal socialising functions that are usually derived from parental hierarchy). From these (admittedly negative) contemporary Japanese cultural traits there is much to be mined, such as the fixation on youth, with the inherent fetishising of school girls and pressure on older women and mothers to be young and girlish, and the effects of 10 years of economic decline on a disenfranchised youth.

This text presents concepts that fit in with the tea garden and mossy stone view of Japan, while in reality, Japanese culture is a vibrant and dense culture in flux, equally as modern as any other. Unfortunately, poor research, writing, and editing misrepresent traditional cultural traits while neglecting contemporary ones. For sociological analyses of Japan, the reader should stick to monographs put out by trained sociologists. Perhaps the flip side of that is linguists should tread carefully in areas that are not their expertise.

References
Reischauer, E. (1990). The Japanese today: Change and continuity. (M. Fukushima, trans.). Tokyo: Bungei Shunju. (Original work published 1977.)
27 人中、23人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 5.0 Well-written, literate, useful... 2005/10/8
投稿者 Stephen Armstrong - (Amazon.com)
形式:ペーパーバック|Amazonで購入
My wife and I found this book very helpful, prior to our first trip to Japan. We have been somewhat fearful of this trip, because of langugage and obvious cultural differences. Nevertheless, this book added to our understanding of current cultural traits, ideas, and ideals in Japan; their historical origins; their meaning to both Japanese and first-visit foreigners; and the countervailing Western forces eroding at the "pure strain" traits or ideals. All in all, this book is a fascinating synopsis of Japanese thinking about unique Japanese traits.

We also liked the fact that at the end of each brief chapter, the editors have written a number of thought-provoking questions. These questions ask the reader to expand one's thinking and make clear cross-cultural distinctions. Besides making the book even more useful to persons like us, these questions also make this book a sure winner in any advanced high school or college class on Japan.
31 人中、25人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。
5つ星のうち 5.0 Highly enlightening... 2003/12/17
投稿者 J. M. Pemberton - (Amazon.com)
形式:ペーパーバック
First of all let me correct one somewhat negative reviewer who states that `The Japanese Mind' is `how one British professor interpreted Japanese culture'. This comment I assume refers to Roger J. Davies who I believe is indeed British by birth (more precisely Welsh) but was actually brought up and educated in Canada and has only recently continued his studies back in Wales. He is Professor of Applied Linguistics at Ehime University in Matsuyama, Japan, and also Academic Director of that University's English Education Centre. This book is also edited by Osamu Ikeno, who is Associate Professor of English Education in the Faculty of Education at Ehime University. So this is far from just one British Professor's interpretation. This is a book of some authority.
Also, if another reviewer's assertion that the book has a `lack of depth in the analysis, frequent non-sequiturs' (and who even goes so far as to recommend that you `use at your peril') is a truly fair assessment of the standard of work produced by Roger Davies and Osamu Ikeno, then I doubt if those two gentlemen would occupy the prestigious positions they do.
As a European and `general reader' I found the book gave a fascinating insight into what can at first appear to the layman to be a baffling and unfathomable culture, given extra credence by the fact that, as the introduction states, the information presented is from the perspective of the Japanese people themselves. The format allows for casual study as the chapters can be read in any order you wish.
I would consider this an invaluable guide for anyone visiting Japan and/or who wishes to better understand the complexities of Japanese customs and behaviour. No book could possibly explain all the intricate facets of Japanese society, and certainly not to everyone's satisfaction, but `The Japanese Mind' goes a long way toward doing so.
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