Victorian cities evoke images of crowded tenements where social unrest and epidemic disease were rampant. Conditions in 19th-century London, in particular, sparked efforts to find alternative plans for urban development. The most influential alternative to the Victorian city was Ebenezer Howard's Garden City, an idea he sketched in his modest book, "To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform". First published in 1898, "To-Morrow" attempted to improve the material condition of working-class families through a vision of new communities which would provide a better quality of life. Howard's legacy grew throughout the 20th century in garden cities, suburbs and green towns; a century later, architects and planners are still motivated by his ideas. Published on the 100th anniversary of "Garden Cities of To-Morrow" (1902), the more familiar version of Howard's pathbreaking book, the ten essays in this volume place Howard's legacy in its historic context and show its continuing relevance for urban, regional and environmental planners. Following a biographical essay, three articles trace the influence of Howard's ideas on the development of the modern metropolis, while another four address his concepts regarding the arrangement of housing and community life and show how they have influenced subsequent development. Two closing essays assess critical aspects of Howard's legacy for the 21st century. The contributors focus on the timeless significance of Howard's ideas about limits to growth, the effectiveness of agricultural greenbelts in growth management, and the use of physical space to promote human interaction, as well as the relevance of Howard's work to the New Urbanism and sustainability movements. International in scope, with original and provocative scholarship, this volume is a tribute to Howard's ideals of co-operation, justice and environmentalism in urban planning.
"These essays provide clear evidence that Howard's proposals remain vital... Its relevance for today's planners is found in the inclusion of essays from both scholars and practitioners, of case studies with a relatively good range in time and place, and of discussion on such topics such as neighborhood planning, New Urbanism, open space preservation, and sustainability -- all of which give the book real meaning for the historian, environmentalist, and urbanist." -- John J. Pittari, Jr., APA Journal