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Falling to Earth: An Apollo 15 Astronaut's Journey to the Moon (英語) ハードカバー – 2011/7/26
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As command module pilot for the Apollo 15 mission to the moon in 1971, Al Worden flew on what is widely regarded as the greatest exploration mission that humans have ever attempted. He spent six days orbiting the moon, including three days completely alone, the most isolated human in existence. During the return from the moon to earth he also conducted the first spacewalk in deep space, becoming the first human ever to see both the entire earth and moon simply by turning his head. The Apollo 15 flight capped an already-impressive career as an astronaut, including important work on the pioneering Apollo 9 and Apollo 12 missions, as well as the perilous flight of Apollo 13.
Nine months after his return from the moon, Worden received a phone call telling him he was fired and ordering him out of his office by the end of the week. He refused to leave.
What happened in those nine months, from being honored with parades and meetings with world leaders to being unceremoniously fired, has been a source of much speculation for four decades. Worden has never before told the full story around the dramatic events that shook NASA and ended his spaceflight career. Readers will learn them here for the first time, along with the exhilarating account of what it is like to journey to the moon and back. It's an unprecedentedly candid account of what it was like to be an Apollo astronaut, with all its glory but also its pitfalls.
“The command module pilot (CMP), the second in command of an Apollo spacecraft, was the least understood and least appreciated crew member by the media and the general public. In Falling to Earth, Al Worden, CMP of Apollo 15, clearly and candidly recounts the wonder, the challenge, the triumph, and the pitfalls of flying to the moon.”
—Neil Armstrong, Gemini 8 and Apollo 11 astronaut
“Ever wonder what it would be like to spend several days orbiting the moon—alone? Al Worden’s expressive description of his Apollo 15 mission takes you there, and then on the 250,000-mile return, falling to Earth. This is not just another space mission book. In his intense, tell-it-as-he-sees-it style, Worden details what led to that wondrous experience and all that followed.”
--John Glenn, first American to orbit the Earth
"The space program first rewarded, and then punished, Al Worden—and he is better for it, as this exceptional book reveals. It’s the full story, told with clarity, insight, and humor, altogether a wonderful read.”
—Michael Collins, Gemini 10 and Apollo 11 astronaut, author of Carrying the Fire
"A rip-roaring adventure—a wry and fascinating chronicle of a time when we actually knew how to fly people to the moon."
—Tom Jones, space shuttle astronaut, author of Sky Walking
“Al Worden does a fine job telling his interesting life story, his important role as the command module pilot for the highly successful Apollo 15 flight—and his abrupt firing as a NASA astronaut. The ins and outs of this latter story and his personal fall to Earth make for especially fascinating reading.”
—William Anders, Major General USAF (ret), Apollo 8 astronaut
“The talented men who made the pioneering flights to the moon were test pilots and scientists, team players and egomaniacs, goodie two-shoes and skirt-chasers, all driven by a shared goal—to go higher, faster, further than anyone in history. Al Worden was one of the best of this elite group: the first rookie astronaut to be entrusted with the tricky job of flying an Apollo command module, and ultimately a member of Apollo 15, the most scientifically productive lunar mission. His story, written with noted space historian Francis French, is a worthy companion to Tom Wolfe’s The Right Stuff.
--Michael Cassutt, co-author of Deke! and We Have Capture"Very few of us flew to the moon, and the stories we brought back with us are special, treasured, and unique. Al is both a pilot and a poet, and his honest portrayal of our exhilarating adventures will move and excite a whole new generation."
Buzz Aldrin, Gemini 12 and Apollo 11 astronaut, author of Magnificent Desolation: The Long Journey Home from the Moon
With the assistance of space historian French (co-author: In the Shadow of the Moon: A Challenging Journey to Tranquility, 1965-1969, 2007, etc.), astronaut Worden, commander of the Apollo 15 module, writes that “it is time to…set the record straight” about the scandal that ended his career in space flight.
The author flew under Colonel Dave Scott with Jim Irwin on the successful 1971 NASA trip to the Moon. When they returned to Earth, the crew found themselves in the midst of a scandal, accused of being paid to take souvenir items into space. Although they denied this, they were grounded from then on. By the summer of 1972, the U.S. Senate was involved, and Congresswoman Leonor Sullivan wanted to know “what's going on at NASA.” They were never charged with violating law or NASA regulations, but it took years for the three flyers to get their good names back. Worden, now in his 70s, has a record that speaks for itself. He is one of “only 24 humans” who have left Earth’s orbit and gone to the Moon. The author describes how astronauts need courage and skill to fly on the Apollo missions and how they had to be prepared to deal with the unexpected: “We focused on the events that could kill us and prepared for them.” Apollo 15, with its on-board instruments and cameras, brought back a treasure trove of data, but they faced many potentially dangerous situations including fragments of broken glass in the weightless environment of the landing module. Worden now helps the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation fund the training of future science and technology students.
On his journey, the author “discovered far more” about the Earth, not only from space, but also in the time and effort spent vindicating himself from what appears to have been an unfair scapegoating.
Nine months after Worden’s (Hello Earth: Greetings from Endeavour) return to Earth, NASA management moved him permanently out of the astronaut office for allegedly profiteering from spaceflight. In this autobiography, he addresses the accusations and how he cleared his name. His focus, however, is on the first half of his life, from childhood to his departure from the Houston space center; he dispatches the last 40 years in two short chapters. The book’s highlight is a detailed and fascinating account of training for and successfully completing the first longer-stay lunar mission. Although Worden clearly regrets sacrificing his marriage for his career, kicks himself for getting involved in questionable financial deals, and obviously has mixed feelings about his former mission commander, he doesn’t dwell on the details or on his emotions. In a low-key conclusion, the author claims he is reconciled with most of his astronaut peers and on better-than-ever terms with NASA. VERDICT A good, occasionally blunt read and a worthy newcomer to the ever-popular genre of astronaut memoirs. Anyone interested in the space program will enjoy Worden’s reminiscences.—Nancy R. Curtis, Univ. of Maine, Orono
Apollo 15 astronaut Worden belongs to one of the most exclusive clubs in the world: men who made it to the moon. His recollections of events leading up to a three-day solo lunar orbit as well as the heady days of the Apollo program would be fascinating enough, but Worden is also the astronaut whom NASA shrouded in a cloud of suspicion. Few people have known why until now, when this caustic, no-holds-barred, former test pilot tells all. What readers will discover is less tabloid tawdriness than controversy surrounding the rare and valuable stamps, or postal covers, that have flown in space. With NASA now officially flying covers onboard shuttle missions, what happened to the Apollo 15 crew seems almost funny. But it had a real impact on careers and friendships, and Worden sheds invaluable light on how much risk we ask our heroes to endure in exchange for little compensation. Worden is eloquent, witty, and brutally honest, still in awe of the company he kept and the history he belongs to. A solid addition to space-literature collections. — Colleen Mondor
Amazon.com で最も参考になったカスタマーレビュー (beta)
But that's only one of the "oh my gosh!" moments in "Falling To Earth", and there are many. But perhaps most important is the opportunity to understand an Apollo lunar mission from the perspective of the CMP (Command Module Pilot); the one crew member who stayed aboard and minded the spacecraft while his other two crewmates roamed the lunar surface. Many times overlooked and taken for granted by the moon walking component of the mission, Apollo 15's CMP Al Worden had a very full plate of science experiments to conduct and on-board system instruments to constantly monitor. Space is not a very forgiving place when mistakes occur. Without this critical crewmember consistently performing at his peak, and flying solo for much of the mission, there is no way the full crew would have had a chance of ever returning safely to Earth.
The book has a very nice conversational tone which, to me, is very appealing. The tone is set from the first chapter so that the reader immediately feels as if they're actually being "told" the story from Worden himself. I find this to be very refreshing, practically an honor, as if I'm sitting in Worden's company, while he tells his story.
In addition to the chronology of his various career moves, the book gives the reader a solid sense of how Worden thinks. I consistently found honest, fair and candid assessments, even in areas where Worden considers his career challenges, and as a husband and a father. There is no glossing over these or any other sensitive areas in his life. Instead, he embraces these things with both honesty and humbleness (see "courage"!). It's clear the man has done a lot of soul-searching before writing his story.
From a technical point of view, I particularly enjoyed reading about the Apollo Command Module, which is presented in a most interesting way and without getting lost in cumbersome details. There are some very nice explanations regarding things like the off-center design of the Apollo CM, using the heat shield for lift and firing the thrusters to stay centered in the re-entry corridor. I'm always amazed at how many die-hard Apollo enthusiasts still don't realize that the CM was actually piloted into and through the re-entry back to Earth.
Finally, I really can't say enough about the writing style. I think co-author Francis French has worked a miracle with this book. I'm telling you, I can actually hear Al Worden's voice speaking every word as I read along! Fantastic!
Worden, though not a household name to most Americans, is well known to Apollo buffs the world over as the command module pilot of Apollo 15. Though not one of the twelve humans to walk upon the moon, he has the even rarer distinction of being one of only seven human to orbit the moon solo.
A flood of Apollo books started appearing in the late 1980s, with a wide range of quality and authenticity. On the low end of the scale we have the flimsy, ghost-written "Moonshot" ostensibly related by Alan Shepard to the outstanding "Carrying the Fire" by Michael Collins, long regarded as the pinnacle of the genre. I'm happy to report that "Falling to Earth" is on the high end of this scale.
Worden's account succeeds for one simple reason: his story rings true. You get the feeling that this is a man who's not a trained author, but someone who has poured his heart into writing a direct, vivid and honest account of his life's achievements. He comes across as humble and friendly. I had the feeling that I was having a friendly chat with him in my living room. No pretense, no "right stuff" machismo, just a lot of "this is what happened and I'm proud to say that I was there to be part of it."
Other astronaut bio's have removed the sheen of perfection from the 1960s NASA PR machine, so there's no fresh ground broken there, but...Worden does make some very direct statements about his past colleagues that may surprise some. As you might expect from other tellings, neither Alan Shepard or Chris Kraft come off as likeable guys. Shepard's too full of himself and Kraft's just a cranky bastard. There's also no love lost for Dave Scott. Worden makes clear that he has enormous respect for him as a pilot and astronaut, but they're not buddies by any stretch.
Besides a terrific blow-by-blow account of the Apollo 15 mission, a main theme of this book is the postal cover controversy which engulfed the crew following their return to Earth. This controversy is fairly well known, but it's never been covered in such detail by any of the crew. I had no idea how nasty the whole thing became. Far beyond being a simple PR embarrassment, it summarily ended all of their careers as astronauts. They went from being national heroes to disgraced pariahs with head-snapping speed...all over an error in ethical judgement that in retrospect looks laughably trivial. Most surprisingly, Dave Scott, often portrayed as the most Boy Scout-ish of the astronauts doesn't come out looking so good. By Worden's account, Scott abdicated his leadership role by not coming forward as the initiator of the postal cover deal. If completely accurate, this makes Scott look rather bad indeed. Don't get the wrong idea; this is not a tell-all book used to settle scores, but it does a lot to explain some areas of political intrigue that have been inadequately explored until now.
"Falling to Earth" is successful on multiple fronts. It will be just as interesting to the casual reader as it is to those well versed in Apollo history. There's something for everybody. Al Worden has penned a fine edition to the Apollo canon.
Well, pull up a chair and let me explain. But first, a disclaimer before someone makes a point of it, I worked with Al for a few years, and have known him for over 25 years. But he is a man of such integrity he would be offended if I were to simply write a review in flowery language to boost his sales. No, he would demand integrity on my part as well.
Because that's the man Al Worden is, full of integrity and not only a product of West Point, but an adherent to all that is good about the Point.
So if this ruffles a few feathers, well, that's the way it will be. Honest, to a fault.
Most astronaut biographies are well written. This is no exception. But what sets this book apart from the others is not only the brutal honesty of the scenario involving the philatelic covers so called "scandal", but a viewpoint from a poets mind. Oh not a poet prior to the flight of course. No Al is your arch typical Air Force fighter jock and test pilot.
Al has written 2 previous books, one a kids book about his flight to the moon, and another of poetry from his time in space all alone. "Hello Earth, Greetings from Endeavour" is a good look into the soul of Col. Worden.
His career was sterling. His mission to the moon flawless. He is not a moonwalker as pointed out, that elite fraternity of only 12 men that have set foot on another planetary body. No. But he IS part of that elite fraternity of 6 men who orbited the Moon all alone, and took care of things so the 2 ON the Moon had a place to return to and to be able to get them home. What a responsibility! So this viewpoint, is not one oft read and well worth the read all by itself.
Al also was the first to launch a satellite FROM space, and the very first to perform a deep space EVA for which he still holds the record of furthest deep in space, spacewalk. The first of the truly scientific missions, he was busier than a 1 armed paper hanger during his time alone. He performed admirably.
But shortly after his return from space, it all came crashing down. Due to the snits of a guy who could not qualify to be an astronaut and who seemingly carried the chip on his shoulder, and the actions of the commander and of course, Al not realizing something was wrong; they became embroiled in a controversy that shattered any hopes of another flight in any vehicle.
This story has never been told and I know the "public view" of it has been hurtful to Al ever since it happened. The TRUTH of the situation, is FINALLY revealed. Thank God. It follows Al through the debacle, and rights the misconceptions of the event, and shows how he sued NASA, and came out victorious.
He has thrown himself into doing for others which is simply a product of who he is. His involvement with the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation is by itself, an undertaking that has benefited many youth attending college.
Al deserved so much better, and this books finally puts to rest the spurious claims I've personally heard over the years and that have been floating around.
A great read, well formulated and put together. Any "space junkie" will enjoy it and this will def. be a must get for any of them. But I highly recommend this to anyone curious about the history of our space program. The cover debacle was done well, but is only a small part of the story, the best parts (his mission etc) are well written and documented.
Al Worden was typical of the Astronauts during the Apollo era: hard working, driven to excellence, motivated and accomplished. He got a mission not by sucking up to management but by being a humble man who did his job and did it well. Unfortunately, he lost his job by getting sucked into a scam by a more experienced Astronaut (David Scott) and his only failure, was trusting the Commander of their Apollo 15 mission.
As a child of the 60's who idolized Astronauts, I always said, "Man--I wish I could have walked on the moon." Well, I would have to say that Worden's descriptions of his 3 days of solitary orbiting the moon while Scott and Irwin walked on it has made me change my mind. I would have loved nothing more to have see what he did--the Earth rising over the moon, the sharp angles of craters only tens of miles below him, the visions of stars on the dark side of the moon where he could see "Tens or hundreds more than on the clearest, darkest night from the Earth." (Paraphrase but close to the quote.) I love his description of his trans-earth EVA where Irwin was standing out of the hatch with the large moon framing him some 50,000 miles behind him. "It could have been the most famous picture from space" if Worden would have been allowed to carry a camera but alas, we can only imagine the view from Worden's poetic description as well as a painting created following his poetic description.
Worden also speaks honestly and directly about his cohorts in the space program. He talks about Al Shepard only working a couple of hours a day and leaving to do his real business stuff--that of becoming a millionaire. He speaks of Deke Slayton's honesty and integrity. He speaks of Dave Scott and how that now he is done writing this book, he will spend the rest of his life never thinking of him again. Wow! Obviously the man hurt him deeply because of the famous stamp scandal that he (Scott) got him (Worden) involved in.
Here is a man who once said in an interview--when asked if he would have flown on the ISS or Skylab--a man who answered, "I would have taken any mission they gave me but I didn't have the choice." It's too bad--plenty of astronauts from his group went on to fly and command successful Shuttle and Skylab missions.
All in all, I know I'm rambling but this book really touched me. It brought me back to the first time I looked at the moon through a cheap Tasco telescope when I was nine. The awe and wonder of a child seeing craters and mountains on moon. Hearing his descriptions of orbiting the moon charge me to want to metaphorically be that kid again--a kid that views our wonderful planet with wonder and the joy of discovery.
Thanks, Al, for writing a wonderful book and for not pulling any punches.
(By the way--on his website[...], he has a section called "Just Call me Al" so no Col. Worden from me!)
As the Command Module Pilot on the Apollo 15 lunar mission, Worden did not land on the moon with his crewmates Dave Scott and Jim Irwin. Rather, he remained in orbit around the moon solo. While Scott and Irwin explored the lunar surface around Hadley Rille, Worden conducted a program of scientific experiments exceeding that of any previous Apollo flight, and stacking up favorably with the results of the final two missions that followed. Worden was the first astronaut to perform an Extra-Vehicular Activity ("EVA") in cislunar space when he went outside of the Command Module to retrieve film packages from two mapping cameras.
But, as spectacular as the Apollo 15 mission was, it was overshadowed by the "postal covers" fiasco that embarrassed NASA, led to a Congressional investigation and cost the three astronauts their careers. Parts of the story of this sad NASA chapter have been available for years to those willing to search for it in other books and on the Internet, but not, to my knowledge, as told by the hapless participants themselves. Jim Irwin has written two books that, according to reviews (I have not read them) are almost exclusively religious in nature, which destroys ANY interest I might have in them. Dave Scott and Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov penned the joint memoir "Two Sides of the Moon: Our Story of the Cold War Space Race," but it's been many years since I read it and I don't recall how--or if--it dealt very much with the deluxe stamp flap. "Falling to Earth" fills in the details of the story. It not only tells WHAT happened but, perhaps more importantly, WHY, and, as such, it covers a lot of new ground.
There was a lot more to Apollo 15 than the stamp episode, of course, and Worden describes his training, the flight itself and his activities in lunar orbit in a straightforward, conversational, fast-paced, almost-lyrical style that should captivate any reader. The story of his life before he joined NASA is thankfully brief (I tend to glaze over with too many childhood and teenager tales), but contains many fascinating anecdotes. Although "Falling to Earth" is by no means a "technical" book, its technical aspects are spot on. Worden and French have the ability to simplify obscure technical concepts to educate the general reader without making experts roll their eyes at them.
I immensely enjoyed this long-overdue story of Apollo 15 and the events surrounding it, especially since it offers the relatively rare and hence very valuable perspective of a man who stayed behind in lunar orbit while his crewmates landed. "Falling to Earth" deserves a place on the bookshelf of every space enthusiast.