Despite the wealth of historical literature on the Second World War, up until now the subject of religion and churches in the whole of occupied Europe has been undervalued. This critical European history is unique in covering the breadth of WWII history and offering an approach rich in detail and analysis of churches and religion during WWII covering the Christian religions of occupied Europe: Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodoxy. The authors engage with key themes such as relations between religious institutions and the occupying forces; religion as an important factor in national identity and resistance; theological answers to the Fascist and National Socialist ideologies (especially in terms of the persecution of the Jews); Christians as bystanders or protectors in the Holocaust; and religious life during the war.
Jan Bank is Emeritus Professor of Dutch History at the University of Leiden, Netherlands. Mrs. Lieve Gevers is Professor of the History of the Church and Theology at the Catholic University Leuven, Belgium.