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Black Power: Radical Politics And African American Identity (Reconfiguring American Political History) (英語) ペーパーバック – 2005/5/5
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In the 1960s, the Nation of Islam and the Black Panther Party gave voice to many economically disadvantaged and politically isolated African Americans, especially outside the South. Though vilified as extremist and marginal, they were formidable agents of influence and change during the civil rights era and ultimately shaped the Black Power movement. In this fresh study, drawing on deep archival research and interviews with key participants, Jeffrey O. G. Ogbar reconsiders the commingled stories of-and popular reactions to-the Nation of Islam, Black Panthers, and mainstream civil rights leaders. Ogbar finds that many African Americans embraced the seemingly contradictory political agenda of desegregation and nationalism. Indeed, black nationalism was far more favorably received among African Americans than historians have previously acknowledged. Black Power reveals a civil rights movement in which the ideals of desegregation through nonviolence and black nationalism marched side by side. Ogbar concludes that Black Power had more lasting cultural consequences among African Americans and others than did the civil rights movement, engendering minority pride and influencing the political, cultural, and religious spheres of mainstream African American life for the next three decades.
The best account of the Black Panther Party in print... this is an outstanding work. Choice 2005 This book will be the standard-bearer on the subject for years to come. -- Judson L. Jeffries Journal of American History 2005 An intriguing foray into a time and place in American history that has been visited far too infrequently by historians and others. -- Claude A. Clegg III Journal of Southern History 2006 Black Power is an intellectual triumph... well organized. Rhetoric and Public Affairs 2006 An important contribution to the growing field of Black Power Studies. Journal of African American History 2006 Ambitious, challenging, and, ultimately, rewarding book. -- Patrick D. Jones Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 2005 As an introduction to the history of black power and black nationalism in the mid-to-late twentieth century America, this book provides a valuable overview of the sources, central issues, and influences of those movements. -- Richard H. King American Historical Review 2006商品の説明をすべて表示する
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Growing up in a predominantly black neighborhood, I sensed an undercurrent of Black Nationalism. It definitely was not as it was during the 60's and 70's but it was still there. I especially saw the hip-hop movement as a sense of instilling pride in some blacks.
I searched and searched online for scholarly works that would tell me more about the Black Panthers and Nation of Islam. However, I came to realize that very little was written about it. Not many academics wrote those two organizations and when I did find something about them, their analysis was very simplistic, never telling me how these radical organizations emerged and what their appeal was. In addition, they never connected the long last consequences of radicalism on the Civil Rights Movements -- rather they dismiss these organizations as being the source of decline for the movement.
I initially previewed this book through Google Books and I found the author's analysis to be quite insightful. I especially enjoyed his analysis of how radical organizations interacted and affected more "legitimate" Civil Rights organizations such as the SCLC. He traces exactly how MLK Jr became more radical due the Black Panther's constant pessimism about the true of nature of integration (was it really plausible with instances of "white flight" and police brutality).
What would have made this book richer would be an explicit discussion on why the integrationist model was ultimately more successful for the movement rather than nationalist perspective. Ultimately, how did framing the movement differently affect movement success? Ogbar skirts around the issue but never truly addresses it head on.
I also think the book could have been improved if he emphasized a little more about some of the detrimental things the Black Panthers did for Black Americans. He mentions that the Black Panthers had a high recidivism rate -- but does not go into detail as to why except to say that they essentially glorified criminal behavior. I think that in addition to focusing on what they stood for (their politics on nationalism, Marxist beliefs, pessimism about the true nature of integration); more adequate discussion could be made of how the organization self-destructed due to this glorification of criminal behavior. Perhaps, he could pay more attention to how this was detrimental to black Americans, not just within the scope of the Civil Rights Movement.
Overall, I highly recommend this book if you want to understand the emergence and growth of the Black Panther Party or the Nation of Islam. It is also insightful if you want to see how these radical organizations served a corrective to what the integrationist model truly accomplished.
- 洋書 > History > Americas > United States > 20th Century
- 洋書 > History > Modern (16th-21st Centuries) > 20th Century
- 洋書 > Politics & Social Sciences > Politics & Government > Ideologies & Doctrines > Nationalism
- 洋書 > Politics & Social Sciences > Politics & Government > International & World Politics > Asian
- 洋書 > Politics & Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Specific Demographics > African-American Studies